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Voltage-sensitive sodium channels are responsible for the initiation and propagation of the action potential and therefore are important for neuronal excitability. Complementary DNA clones encoding the beta 1 subunit of the rat brain sodium channel were isolated by a combination of polymerase chain reaction and library screening techniques. The deduced(More)
This study examines the proteolysis of the carboxy terminal domain of the full-length (alpha 1(212)) and truncated (alpha 1(190)) forms of the rabbit skeletal muscle L-type calcium channel alpha 1 subunit by calpain I and calpain II. Although both forms of the alpha 1 subunit show little sensitivity to proteolysis by calpain II, alpha 1(212) is relatively(More)
Antibodies prepared against peptides CP2, CP4, and CP5, which occur within the first 1522 amino acid residues of the alpha 1 subunit of dihydropyridine-sensitive skeletal muscle calcium channels, specifically recognized a 175-kDa form of the alpha 1 subunit in immunoblots and immunoprecipitation experiments. In contrast, antibodies prepared against peptide(More)
Among the various voltage-sensitive Ca2+ channels present in PC12 cells are the dihydropyridine (DHP)-sensitive L-channel, the omega-conotoxin (omega-CgTx)-sensitive N-channel, and an atypical omega-CgTx/DHP-insensitive Ca2+ channel. Depolarization-evoked Ca2+ entry and [3H]dopamine release is mediated by L-type Ca2+ channels determined by the use of Ca2+(More)
Voltage-sensitive brain Na+ channels are regulated by cAMP-dependent protein kinase (cA-PK) and protein kinase C. Using synthetic peptides and protein microsequencing, we have determined that the alpha subunit of rat brain Na+ channel is selectively phosphorylated by cA-PK in vitro and in intact cells on 4 serine residues in the intracellular loop(More)
Previous saxitoxin binding studies indicated two forms of the sodium channel in the fetal rat brain; a low-affinity precursor located in an internal membrane compartment, present exclusively in growth cones and a high-affinity mature form present in the plasmalemma of growth cones and characteristic of synapses. This raises the questions (1) of the presence(More)
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