K. S. Bhatia

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The single photon counting technique has been used to measure the decay time for several Kuwaiti crude and refined oils. Fluorescent characteristics of two different bunker oils from widely separate geographic areas have been studied. Laser induced fluorescent data for the crude oil samples are compared with the decay time results to evaluate the potential(More)
The characteristics of laser lithotripsy of biliary calculi are compared for a flashlamp pumped dye laser (lambda = 640 nm) and a Cr:Tm:Ho-YAG laser (lambda = 2.1 microns). Data on fragmentation efficiency with respect to laser power and pulse repetition rate are presented for different types of stones. It is shown that both lasers can produce effective(More)
Water quality index (WQI) plays an important role in interpreting the information on water quality trends of a water body. In the present study, an attempt has been made to study the spatial and temporal water quality trends of one of the pristine river Kshipra (Madhya Pradesh) using water quality index. The importance of existing sampling sites has also(More)
A survey of the River Kali in western Uttar Pradesh (India) has been carried out to assess the contribution of point and non-point sources of pollution to the river. The river shows strong seasonal dependence for various constituents and the water quality deteriorates sharply as it flows through Muzaffarnagar city. The important characteristic associated(More)
Study of laser interaction with calculi is presented. A system of Nd-Yag and Ho-Yag pulsed lasers were used to produce fluorescence and plasma signals at the stone surface surrounded by saline and bile fluids. Fourth harmonic from Nd-Yag laser was transmitted to the samples by graded UV optical fibres. Gall bladder stones of various compositions were(More)
Optical OFDM (OOFDM) has recently been proposed and the proof-ofconcept transmission experiments have shown its extreme robustness against chromatic dispersion and polarization mode dispersion. In this paper, we first review the theoretical fundamentals for OOFDM and its channel model in back to back OFDM representation. We then present various design(More)