K. Robin McLean

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Chorioamnionitis has been associated with periventricular leukomalacia (PVL) in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. We examined the association between the pathological severity of chorioamnionitis and PVL in VLBW infants. Thirty-four VLBW infants with PVL and 34 control infants matched for gestational age without a diagnosis of PVL or intraventricular(More)
Cytokine profiles in amniotic fluid, cord serum, and tracheal aspirate of premature infants suggest a shift toward a proinflammatory state. Cytokines also contribute to the pathogenesis of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). We hypothesize that the initiating events for BPD are reflected in the placenta and propose that placental expression of cytokines(More)
The recognition of a panel of recombinant Mycobacterium leprae antigens by T cells and B cells from 29 borderline tuberculoid/tuberculoid (BT/TT) and 18 lepromatous leprosy (LL) patients and from 21 healthy controls (HC) in leprosy-endemic regions of Ethiopia was examined. All 11 antigenic molecules tested (including M. leprae hsp 10, hsp18, hsp65 and(More)
Thalidomide dramatically relieves the signs and symptoms of erythema nodosum leprosum (ENL). ENL is an acute inflammatory complication of lepromatous leprosy. The cause(s) of ENL as well as the mechanism of action of thalidomide in arresting ENL are unknowns. It has been suggested that ENL is the consequence of a transient activation of a(More)
The classical Haldane mutational load for dominant mutations is 1 - e-alpha (where alpha = the mutation rate of the genome). This is independent of the fitness of the mutant heterozygotes. As alpha may be between 0.9 and 1.8 this may be too high for low fecundity species to bear. The load may be greatly reduced for mildly deleterious mutations if female(More)
Two new anharmonic forms for the Debye-Waller factor, aimed at modelling curvilinear and asymmetric motion, have been introduced. These forms permit the refinement of structures with these types of anharmonic motion using a small number of additional parameters. Molecular-dynamics-derived numerical probability density functions (PDFs) have been used to(More)
Metformin is an oral hypoglycemic drug that has been shown to inhibit cancer cell proliferation via up-regulation of AMPK (AMP-activated protein kinase), and possibly inhibition of mTOR (mammalian target of rapamycin). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of metformin on a feline injection site sarcoma cell line. Cells from a feline(More)
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