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Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Burkholderia cepacia are capable of forming mixed biofilms in the lungs of cystic fibrosis patients. Both bacteria employ quorum-sensing systems, which rely on N-acylhomoserine lactone (AHL) signal molecules, to co-ordinate expression of virulence factors with the formation of biofilms. As both bacteria utilize the same class of(More)
Given that a large proportion of the bacteria colonizing the roots of plants is capable of producing N-acyl-L-homoserine lactone (AHL) molecules, it appears likely that these bacterial pheromones may serve as signals for communication between cells of different species. In this study, we have developed and characterized novel Gfp-based monitor strains that(More)
Burkholderia cepacia and Pseudomonas aeruginosa often co-exist as mixed biofilms in the lungs of patients suffering from cystic fibrosis (CF). Here, the isolation of random mini-Tn5 insertion mutants of B. cepacia H111 defective in biofilm formation on an abiotic surface is reported. It is demonstrated that one of these mutants no longer produces(More)
Seventy strains of the Burkholderia cepacia complex, which currently comprises six genomic species, were tested for their ability to produce N-acylhomoserine lactone (AHL) signal molecules. Using thin layer chromatography in conjunction with a range of AHL biosensors, we show that most strains primarily produce two AHLs, namely N-octanoylhomoserine lactone(More)
Recombinant Escherichia coli clones displaying thermostable beta-glucanase activity were isolated from two different gene libraries of the hyperthermophilic bacterium Thermotoga maritima MSB8 (DSM 3109), and the nucleotide sequence of a 1,4-beta-glucanase gene designated celA was determined. Amino-terminal sequencing of cellulase I previously detected in T.(More)
A large cellulolytic enzyme (CelA) with the ability to hydrolyse microcrystalline cellulose was isolated from the extremely thermophilic, cellulolytic bacterium 'Anaerocellum thermophilum'. Full-length CelA and a truncated enzyme species designated CelA' were purified to homogeneity from culture supernatants. CelA has an apparent molecular mass of 230 kDa.(More)
The N-acyl-L-homoserine lactones (AHLs) produced by sequential Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates from chronically infected patients with cystic fibrosis were analyzed by thin-layer chromatography. It is demonstrated that both the amounts and the types of molecules synthesized by isolates from patients who were monitored over periods of up to 11 years do not(More)
The analysis of Serratia liquefaciens MG1 'luxAB insertion mutants that are responsive to N-butanoyl-L-homoserine lactone revealed that expression of lipB is controlled by the swr quorum-sensing system. LipB is part of the Lip exporter, a type I secretion system, which is responsible for the secretion of extracellular lipase, metalloprotease, and S-layer(More)
Exoglucanase CelY and endoglucanase CelZ from the cellulolytic thermophile Clostridium stercorarium act in synergism to hydrolyse cellulosic substrates. To increase the efficiency of the hydrolytic degradation process, an artificial multienzyme carrying both enzymatic activities on one polypeptide chain was constructed by gene fusion. A segment of CelZ,(More)
CelZ from the cellulolytic thermophile Clostridium stercorarium has been described as a 'monomeric' cellulase able to effect both the endoglucanolytic hydrolysis of internal glycosidic linkages and the exoglucanolytic degradation from the chain ends in a processive mode of action. The putative catalytic residues of this family 9 cellulase, Asp84 and Glu447(More)