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DNA fragments from promoter regions of the geminivirus, African cassava mosaic virus, were cloned into pG1, a vector based on pUC18, producing transcriptional fusions with the beta-glucuronidase (GUS) gene and nopaline synthase termination sequence. The activity of each promoter construct was assessed by analysing the transient expression of GUS in(More)
Concentrations of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) as well as the expression patterns of cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzymes and glutathione-S-transferase (GST) activities were measured in livers of loggerhead (Caretta caretta), green (Chelonia mydas), and olive ridley (Lepidocheyls olivacea) sea turtles from the Baja California peninsula of Mexico. The mean(More)
The beet-cyst nematode (Heterodera schachtii Schmidt) is one of the major pests of sugar beet. The identification of molecular markers associated with nematode tolerance would be helpful for developing tolerant varieties. The aim of this study was to identify single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) markers linked to nematode tolerance from the Beta vulgaris(More)
Populations of wild Beta L. species exist as weeds in commercial sugar beet (Beta vulgaris L. subspecies vulgaris) fields in the Imperial Valley, California. Significant losses to sugar yield and quality result if these wild plants are not removed. In cases of extreme infestation, fields are abandoned without harvest. No selective chemicals are available to(More)
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