Learn More
Hsp70 family proteins are highly conserved chaperones involved in protein folding, degradation, targeting and translocation, and protein complex remodeling. They are comprised of an N-terminal nucleotide binding domain (NBD) and a C-terminal protein substrate binding domain (SBD). ATP binding to the NBD alters SBD conformation and substrate binding(More)
Clathrin-coated vesicles transport selected integral membrane proteins from the cell surface and the trans-Golgi network to the endosomal system. Before fusing with their target the vesicles must be stripped of their coats. This process is effected by the chaperone protein hsp70c together with a 100K cofactor which we here identify as the coat protein(More)
Three independently isolated clathrin-associated proteins have been reported that have molecular weights of approximately 155,000-185,000 on sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis: the 155K protein (Keen, J. H., and Black, M. M. (1986) J. Cell Biol. 102, 1325-1333), AP 180 (Ahle, S., and Ungewickell, E. (1986) EMBO J. 5, 3143-3149), and(More)
When Hsc70 uncoats clathrin-coated vesicles in an auxilin- and ATP-dependent reaction, a single round of rapid uncoating occurs followed by very slow steady-state uncoating. We now show that this biphasic time course occurs because Hsc70 sequentially forms two types of complex with the dissociated clathrin triskelions. The first round of clathrin uncoating(More)
Immediately after clathrin-coated pits pinch off from the cell membrane to form clathrin-coated vesicles, clathrin dissociates from the vesicles. In vitro studies suggest that this dissociation is carried out by the uncoating ATPase, a constitutive member of the 70-kDa heat shock family. Aside from the requirement for ATP, nothing is known about the(More)
Clathrin (8 S) and coated vesicles have been covalently labeled by using the sulfhydryl-labeling fluorescent probe N-(1-anilinonaphthalene)maleimide. A large increase in energy transfer from Trp to anilinonaphthalene (AN) residues was observed in clathrin in the pH range approximately 6.5-6.0, where the rate of clathrin self-association increased rapidly.(More)
We have examined the roles of Hsc70 and auxilin in the uncoating of clathrin-coated vesicles (CCVs) during neuronal endocytosis. We identified two peptides that inhibit the ability of Hsc70 and auxilin to uncoat CCVs in vitro. When injected into nerve terminals, these peptides inhibited both synaptic transmission and CCV uncoating. Mutation of a conserved(More)
Atomic force microscopy (AFM) is used to characterize the structure and interactions of clathrin triskelia. Time sequence images of individual, wet triskelia resting on mica surfaces clearly demonstrate conformational fluctuations of the triskelia. AFM of dried samples yields images having nanometric resolution comparable to that obtainable by electron(More)
We previously reported that a 100-kDa cofactor, recently identified as auxilin, is a DnaJ homolog which is required for Hsc70 to uncoat clathrin baskets. In the present study we investigated the effect of auxilin on the interaction of Hsc70 with pure clathrin baskets at pH 6, where no uncoating occurs. In a reaction which required auxilin, the baskets(More)
The clathrin assembly protein complex AP-2 is a multimeric subunit complex consisting of two 100-115-kDa subunits known as alpha and beta and 50- and 16-kDa subunits. The subunits have been dissociated and separated by ion-exchange chromatography in 7.5 M urea. Fractions highly enriched in either the alpha or beta subunit were obtained. The alpha fraction(More)