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A reproducible and efficient transformation method was developed for the banana cv. Rasthali (AAB) via Agrobacterium-mediated genetic transformation of suckers. Three-month-old banana suckers were used as explant and three Agrobacterium tumefaciens strains (EHA105, EHA101, and LBA4404) harboring the binary vector pCAMBIA1301 were used in the co-cultivation.(More)
Plants, when exposed to abiotic or biotic stress, produce several pathogenesis-related proteins to counteract the effects of stress. Osmotin is one of the important pathogenesis-related proteins induced during several stress conditions. We have developed improved salt stress tolerant transgenic chilli pepper plants (Capsicum annum L. var. Aiswarya 2103) by(More)
We test whether the coefficient on earnings (the earnings multiplier) in a regression of price on earnings varies as a function of the volatility of cash flows, volatility of nondiscretionary earnings and volatility of reported earnings. The purpose of the test is to examine whether discretionary earnings smoothing (a particular form of earnings management)(More)
an anonymous referee, and workshop participants at Chicago, MIT, Northwestern, and UIUC for their comments and suggestions. We gratefully acknowledge the financial support of the Graduate School of Business of the University of Chicago and the William Ladany Faculty Research Fund. We also thank the contribution of I/B/E/S International Inc. for providing(More)
We use computer-intensive techniques to study the informational properties of forward-looking disclosures in the MD&A sections of 10-K filings made with the SEC. We find that firms make more forward-looking MD&A disclosures when their stock prices have lower informational efficiency, i.e., when their stock prices poorly reflect future earnings information.(More)
Biopsy specimens from the gastric antral mucosa of 50 patients with upper gastrointestinal complaints were studied by light and electron microscopy and culture. Of 46 assessable specimens, seven were histologically normal, and 39 showed evidence of gastritis. Twenty-seven of the specimens with evidence of gastritis (69%) contained spiral bacteria, whereas(More)
The time required in man for a rectal ulcer created with endoscopic biopsy forceps to heal is unknown. To answer this question, we created a large ulcer (approximately 8 mm in diameter) and a smaller ulcer (approximately 4 mm in diameter) in four healthy young men and followed the healing of the ulcers by visual examination every 4 days. Complete healing of(More)
Ulceration at the site of injection is a common sequel of endoscopic sclerotherapy. Most postsclerotherapy ulcers heal spontaneously, usually within 3 weeks. We report a patient who developed a large esophageal ulcer after sclerotherapy, which did not heal despite 2 years of aggressive medical therapy. He bled twice from the ulcer. This is the first report(More)
Advances in endoscopic technology and its enthusiastic clinical application have resulted in the capability of retrieving most ingested foreign objects from the upper gastrointestinal tract. Although endoscopic removal of foreign bodies is generally safe, it is not always clearly indicated. Foreign bodies in the esophagus usually require prompt(More)
Fleet enema (sodium phosphate, C.B. Fleet Co., Inc., Lynchburg, Virginia) is widely used for bowel preparation or constipation relief in the hospital and over the counter. The potential risks, including hyperphosphatemia and hypocalcemic coma should be kept in mind of primary care physician. The patients with older age, bowel obstruction, small intestinal(More)