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Genetic polymorphisms are important for predispositions to several human cancers. In the tumour suppressor Trp53 gene, a codon 72 polymorphism is frequent in the form of a single nucleotide polymorphism that leads to substitution of an arginine for a proline. In the present study, we analysed the association of Trp53 codon 72 polymorphs with head and neck(More)
Nitric oxide is a metastable radical, reacts with oxygen to produce toxic nitrogen oxides (N(2)O(3), ONOO(-)) which damage DNA. Occupational exposure to nitric oxide leads to increased frequency of chromosomal aberrations in humans. In the present study the DNA damage among the jewellery workers occupationally exposed to nitric oxide was analyzed using(More)
INTRODUCTION The present study was undertaken to evaluate the status of lipid peroxidation and antioxidants as biomarkers in human plasma. METHODS The extent of lipid peroxidation as evidenced by the formation of thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) and conjugated dienes (CD) as well as the status of the antioxidants superoxide dismutase (SOD),(More)
This paper investigates two aspects of using Fuzzy Logic with a GIS: The use of non-conventional aggregation operators for conjunctive and disjunctive reasoning and the use of weights when combining aggregates of different significance to the classification. Two methods of weighting are used, weights as powers of the membership functions, and the novel(More)
The soluble hexavalent chromium Cr (VI) used in industrial welding is an environmental contaminant widely recognized to act as a carcinogen, mutagen and teratogen towards humans and animals. The carcinogenic potential of metals is a major issue in defining human health risk from exposure. In the present investigation, 93 welders and 60 control subjects with(More)
DNA repair plays a critical role in protecting the genome of the cell from the insults of cancer-causing agents such as those found in tobacco. Reduced DNA repair capacity may constitute a significant risk factor for cancers. Recently, a number of polymorphisms in several DNA repair genes have been discovered, these polymorphisms may affect DNA repair(More)
Numerous expert panels have concluded that there is sufficient evidence to classify involuntary smoking (or passive smoking) as carcinogenic to humans. The aim of this study is to establish whether passive smoking increases the frequency of chromosomal aberrations (CA) in peripheral blood lymphocytes compared to controls in Tamil Nadu, India. In the present(More)
The water soluble polymer-copper(II) complex samples, [Cu(bpy)(2)(BPEI)]Cl(2).4H(2)O (bpy=2,2'-bipyridine, BPEI=branched polyethyleneimine), with varying degrees of copper(II) chelates content in the polymer chain, were prepared by ligand substitution method in water-ethanol medium and characterized by Infra-red, UV-visible, EPR spectral and elemental(More)
Inexpensive forms of tobacco are widely used in developing countries such as India. We have evaluated genotoxicity endpoints (chromosome aberrations, micronucleus frequency, comet assay) and polymorphisms of the XRCC1 and p53 genes among smokers and smokeless tobacco (SLT) users in rural Tamilnadu, South India. Cytogenetic, DNA damage and SNP analyses were(More)