INTRODUCTION
With safe obstetric practices now globally available, most vesico-vaginal fistulas (VVF) presenting in recent times are secondary to various gynecologic surgeries. Most of them are… (More)

A Smarandachely k-signed graph (Smarandachely k-marked graph) is an ordered pair S = (G,σ) (S = (G,μ)) where G = (V, E) is a graph called underlying graph of S and σ : E → (e1, e2, ..., ek) (μ : V →… (More)

A Smarandachely k-signed digraph (Smarandachely k-marked digraph) is an ordered pair S = (D, σ) (S = (D, μ)) where D = (V,A) is a digraph called underlying digraph of S and σ : A → (e1, e2, ..., ek)… (More)

INTRODUCTION
Laparoscopic or robotic-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (RALP) is a frequently used approach for localized carcinoma prostate. For intermediate and high-risk cancers,… (More)