K Pierzchala

Learn More
Met-enkephalin and related proenkephalin A-derived peptides circulate in plasma at picomolar concentration as free, native pentapeptide and at nanomolar concentration in cryptic forms. We have optimized conditions for measurement of immunoreactive Met-enkephalin in plasma and for generation by trypsin and carboxypeptidase B of much greater amounts of total(More)
Nicotine acts in CNS, but the pathways and mechanisms of its actions are poorly understood. Recent studies suggest an interaction between brain nicotinic receptors and endogenous opioid peptides. Acute administration of nicotine may alter enkephalin release without affecting brain enkephalin level. Tyr-Gly-Gly has been shown previously to be an(More)
The distribution of cryptic forms (larger enkephalin-containing peptides) in neostriatum, hypothalamus, spinal cord T3-L1 and neurointermediate lobe of pituitary were determined by radioimmunoassay. Optimal conditions for enzymic hydrolysis of the cryptic enkephalins by trypsin and carboxypeptidase B were established. The proportion of total Met- and(More)
This study was designed to examine the role of endogenous opioid peptide mediation of elevated pain threshold in adult male Sprague-Dawley rats with long-term diabetes mellitus induced by streptozotocin (STZ). Diabetes resulted in a significant elevation in pain threshold as measured by the tail-flick and/or hotplate latency tests. The hypoalgesic response(More)
Abstract The contribution of the adrenal medulla and/or the sympathetic nerves to the plasma levels of Met-enkephalin was investigated. Rats were divided into four groups: sham-operated/saline, sham-operated/guanethidine, adrenal-demedullated/saline, demedulla-ted/guanethidine. After 4 weeks of injection with either saline or guanethidine (25 mg/kg/day),(More)
This study examined the peripheral tissue distribution of native and cryptic Met- and Leu-enkephalin, and regulation of tissue enkephalins by nicotine. Met- and Leu-enkephalin concentrations showed widespread variation in tissue concentration and degree of processing. HPLC characterization of homogenate of spleen revealed that both native and cryptic(More)
Native and cryptic Met-enkephalin and catecholamines are coreleased in response to stress. However, it is not known whether Met-enkephalin and catecholamines exhibit concurrent temporal relationships in response to exercise. The purpose of this investigation was to examine the corelease of catecholamines and Met-enkephalin in endurance-trained (n = 6) and(More)
Levels of native and cryptic or peptidase-derivable (after being digested with trypsin and carboxypeptidase) Met-enkephalin were measured by a specific radioimmunoassay method in plasma, anterior and neurointermediate lobes of pituitary and various peripheral tissues of streptozotocin (STZ) diabetic rats. The results show that the highest concentration of(More)
Met-enkephalin and related proenkephalin A-derived peptides circulate in plasma at picomolar concentration as free, native pentapeptide and at nanomolar concentration in cryptic forms. We have optimized conditions for measurement of immunoreactive Met-enkephalin in plasma and for generation by trypsin and carboxypeptidase B of much greater amounts of total(More)