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Helicobacter pylori (H pylori) infection is a leading world-wide infectious disease as it affects more than half of the world population and causes chronic gastritis, peptic ulcer disease and gastric malignancies. The infection elicits a chronic cellular inflammatory response in the gastric mucosa. However, the effects of this local inflammation may not be(More)
BACKGROUND Subjects maintained on infliximab scheduled therapy for inflammatory bowel disease may require dose optimization due to secondary loss of response. There are limited data on infliximab dose optimization for ulcerative colitis. AIMS To investigate dose optimization in ulcerative colitis patients with secondary loss of response. METHODS This(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Prophylactic azathioprine (AZA) is efficacious in preventing postoperative Crohn's disease (CD) recurrence. However, it is unknown whether AZA should be started immediately after surgery. We compared the efficacy of systematic vs endoscopy-driven AZA in preventing CD recurrence at week 102. METHODS This prospective, multicentre trial(More)
: Primary nonresponse and primary nonremission are important limitations of tumor necrosis factor (TNF) antagonists, occurring in 10% to 40% and 50% to 80% of patients with inflammatory bowel disease, respectively. The magnitude of primary nonresponse differs between phase III clinical trials and cohort studies, indicating differences, e.g., in definition,(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Mucosal healing is an independent predictor of sustained clinical remission in patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) treated with infliximab. We investigated whether infliximab concentrations during induction therapy are associated with short-term mucosal healing (STMH) in patients with UC. METHODS We performed a retrospective,(More)
BACKGROUND Infliximab has shown efficacy at preventing post operative recurrence (POR) of Crohn's disease (CD). This study aimed at evaluating whether adalimumab can prevent and treat POR of CD. METHODS This prospective, single-center, open-label, two-year study included 23 patients who had undergone ileocecal resection for refractory or complicated CD(More)
Application of a mild heat pretreatment, performed by shifting cells from 27 degrees C to 37 degrees C led to the protection of yeast cells from death due to a subsequent extreme heat shock at 53 degrees C. The presence of cycloheximide inhibited this induction of thermotolerance, indicating the involvement of de novo protein. The phosphatase inhibitor(More)
Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection is one of the most widely spread infectious diseases in humans. It can cause chronic gastritis, peptic ulcer disease and gastric malignancies and has been associated with extra-gastric disorders. H. pylori elicit a chronic systemic inflammatory response which, under certain conditions, may trigger autoimmune(More)
The need for proper consideration of energy-related performance aspects during building design has been identified since the energy crises of the 1970s. However, energy performance is still considered in a very small fraction of building projects, mainly because proper consideration is very expensive. It requires the use of computational software tools,(More)