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Molecular analysis of biological specimens usually requires extraction of high-molecular weight DNA free of foreign DNA contaminants. DNA was extracted from black flies at different life stages that had been preserved by 4 methods: larvae and adults in ethanol, larvae in Carnoy's solution, adults on card-points, and adults hand-swatted and sun-dried. Using(More)
Larvae of the black fly morphospecies Simulium vittatum from Colorado, Montana, Nebraska, and New Hampshire were cytologically identified as either the IS-7 or the IIIL-1 cytospecies. DNA was PCR amplified from cytotyped larvae using eight 10-mer primers, labeled with 33P, and run on polyacrylamide gels. The entire data set of 96 amplicons produced(More)
Sequences are given for nine complete genes and one partial mitochondrial tRNA gene of the black fly, Simulium vittatum (Zetterstedt). Sequenced tRNA genes were for alanine, arginine, asparagine, aspartic acid, glutamic acid, glycine, leucine(CUN), lysine, serine(AGN), and valine. Nucleotides were aligned with the same previously sequenced genes in Aedes(More)
The complete mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase II gene was sequenced from 17 black flies, representing 13 putative species, and used to infer phylogenetic relationships. A midge (Paratanytarsus sp.) and three mosquitoes (Aedes aegypti, Anopheles quadrimaculatus, and Culex quinquefasciatus) were used as outgroup taxa. All outgroup taxa were highly divergent(More)
Genomic DNA was extracted from seven greenbug, Schizaphis graminum, biotypes (B, C, E, F, G, H and I) obtained from laboratory colonies maintained by USDA-ARS, Stillwater, Oklahoma. DNA was amplified using single 10-base primers. Of 100 primers tested, four were found which either alone, or in combination, distinguished all biotypes by distinct size(More)
Accurate species identification is essential for cost-effective pest control strategies. We tested the utility of COI barcodes for identifying members of the black fly genus Cnephia Enderlein (Diptera: Simuliidae). Our efforts focus on four Nearctic Cnephia species-Cnephia dacotensis (Dyar & Shannon), Cnephia eremities Shewell, Cnephia ornithophilia(More)
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