K P Hammann

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We examined the effect of 20 micrograms recombinant gamma-interferon (rec-gamma-IFN) upon corticotropin (ACTH) and cortisol secretion in 10 healthy male controls. We observed that rec-gamma-IFN enhances cortisol secretion with maxima around 3 hours after injection of the test dose. This effect was suppressible by a single dose of 1.5 mg dexamethasone and(More)
We examined peripheral mononuclear cells (PMNC), peripheral polymorphonuclear cells (PPNC), adherent mononuclear cells, non-adherent mononuclear cells, non-phagocytic mononuclear cells and non-phagocytic Percoll-fractionated mononuclear cells of multiple sclerosis (MS) patients for their spontaneous burst activity (BA). According to previous results PMNC of(More)
We compared measurements of chemiluminescence (CL) assessing the rate of production of oxygen intermediates at a given instance, and of nitro blue tetrazolium (NBT) reduction detecting total superoxide produced during the assay period, for the assessment of the respiratory burst of both human monocytes (M phi) and polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMN). In the(More)
The spontaneous chemiluminescence activity (CL-A) of peripheral mononuclear cells (MNC) was examined in Lewis rats with acute experimental allergic encephalomyelitis (EAE), compared to rats immunized with complete adjuvant (n = 11) and healthy animals (n = 16). In rats with EAE, CL-A increased sharply 8-9 days after immunization (3420 +/- 3124 counts/10 s,(More)
In patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) the spontaneous burst activity (BA) of peripheral blood mononuclear cells was related to the clinical course of the disease. In five patients clinical improvement was found while the BA was significantly increased (more than 300% of the controls). During the appearance of new or deteriorating signs and in the period(More)
The plasma from eight patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) whose disease was in remission, was investigated by a chemiluminescence technique for its ability to stimulate the oxidative metabolism of peripheral blood monocytes (PBM). The active fraction identified had a molecular weight between 13,700 and 43,000 Da. Its activity was reduced by incubation at(More)
The chemiluminescence activity (CL-A; synonym = burst activity, BA) and the percentage of OKT3-, OKT4- and OKT8-positive peripheral blood cells were serially examined in four control persons and in eight patients with multiple sclerosis. When the OKT values obtained in phases of increased CL-A (clinical remission) were compared with those of the control(More)