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The silk glands of mulberry silkworm Bombyx mori are endoreplicating tissues in which the genomic DNA undergoes multiple rounds of replication without mitosis and nuclear division. In the absence of normal mitotic division, the cell cycle essentially alternates between the G1 and S phases. Cyclin E is crucial for the G1/S transition in both mitotic and(More)
A homologue of the segment polarity gene Cubitus interruptus from Bombyx mori, (BmCi) has been cloned and characterized. This region harbouring Zn(2+) finger motif is highly conserved across species. In B. mori, BmCi RNA expression was first detected at stage 6 of embryogenesis, which reached maximum levels at stage 21C and was maintained until larval(More)
BACKGROUND Japanese encephalitis (JE) is a vaccine-preventable acute disease. We report the results of a phase 2/3 trial of JENVAC, a Vero cell-derived vaccine developed using an Indian strain of JE virus (JEV). METHODS JENVAC was administered in 2 doses 28 days apart, and immunogenicity was compared to that from a single dose of SA-14-14-2, the only(More)
A homologue of the segment polarity gene wnt-1 from Bombyx mori (Bmwnt-1) has been characterized. The segmentally reiterated pattern of Bmwnt-1 transcrip9t distribution in B. mori embryos suggested its segment polarity function. Maximal levels of Bmwnt-1 RNA during embryonic development were reached by stage 21A. In the larval stages, Bmwnt-1 was expressed(More)
A partial genomic clone of Bombyx mori homologue of the segment polarity gene Cubitus interruptus (BmCi), encoding the conserved zinc finger domain and harbouring two introns, has been characterized. BmCi was expressed in the silkglands of B. mori from embryonic to the late larval stages(3rd, 4th and 5th intermoults). The expression was confined to the(More)
In mulberry silkworm Bombyx mori, tRNA1(Gly) constitutes a multigene family from which the individual members are transcribed at different levels in vitro in homologous nuclear extracts. We report here the quantification of functional transcripts of these gene copies in vivo in B. mori-derived BmN cells based on a suppression assay. The gene copies were(More)
Silk glands of the mulberry silkworm Bombyx mori are long and paired structures originating from the labial region and are anatomically and physiologically divided into three major compartments, the anterior, middle and posterior silk glands. The silk gland morphogenesis is complete by 8 days post egg laying. Extensive growth of silk glands during the(More)
The homeobox (Hox) genes constitute an evolutionarily conserved family encoding transcription factors which play major roles in segmental identity and organ specification, across species. The expression patterns of three Hox genes, Antennapedia (Antp), Ultrabithorax (Ubx) and even-skipped (eve) were analyzed during silk gland development in Bombyx mori.(More)