K. P. Fennie

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The purpose of this paper is to describe HIV/AIDS knowledge, attitudes, and perceptions and identify personal risk behaviors among undergraduate students in China. A descriptive, cross-sectional survey of 1326 students between ages 17 through 28 was conducted in 2002. Results indicated that students held considerable misconceptions about HIV transmission by(More)
The purpose of this paper is to describe electronic monitoring device (EMD) (e.g., MEMS caps) use among HIV-infected adults enrolled in a randomized clinical trial and to make explicit some of the benefits and caveats of using electronic monitoring device technology. This is a descriptive, exploratory study of EMD use among 128 HIV-infected adults treated(More)
BACKGROUND Few rigorously designed studies have documented the efficacy of interventions to improve medication adherence among patients prescribed highly active antiretroviral. Data are needed to justify the use of limited resources for these programs. METHODS A 2-arm, randomized, controlled trial evaluated the efficacy of a community-based, home-visit(More)
BACKGROUND Although the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) epidemic in China is expanding rapidly, the principles of universal precautions (UP) are not widely disseminated in Chinese hospitals. Lack of training about occupational prevention of bloodborne pathogens (BBP) may place student nurses at risk when they are in clinical practice. AIM To examine(More)
A sequential multi-method approach using focus groups, individual interviews, and quantitative instrument development procedures was used to develop and evaluate a scale to measure patient trust in health care providers (HCPs). The resulting 15-item Health Care Relationship (HCR) Trust Scale was tested for internal consistency, test-retest reliability, and(More)
Streptococcus pneumoniae asymptomatically colonizes the upper respiratory tract of children and is a frequent cause of otitis media. Patterns of microbial colonization likely influence S. pneumoniae colonization and otitis media susceptibility. This study compared microbial communities in children with and without otitis media. Nasal swabs and clinical and(More)
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES This study aimed to examine the effects of nurse-delivered home visits combined with telephone intervention on medication adherence, and quality of life in HIV-infected heroin users. BACKGROUND Drug use is consistently reported as a risk factor for medication non-adherence in HIV-infected people. DESIGN An experimental, pretests and(More)
In this paper we focus on the first wave of outcomes in a pilot phase randomized control trial of a home-based intervention for infants and their families, Minding the Baby® (MTB), an interdisciplinary, mentalization-based intervention in which home visiting services are provided by a team that includes a nurse practitioner and a clinical social worker.(More)
Streptococcus pneumoniae frequently colonizes the upper respiratory tract of young children and is an important cause of otitis media and invasive disease. Carriage is more common than disease, yet the genetic factors that predispose a given clone for disease are not known. The relationship between capsule type, genetic background, and virulence is complex,(More)
Although the number of patients receiving antiretroviral (ARV) therapy in Central China is expanding, little is known about their medication adherence. The purpose of this study was to: (1) describe adherence prevalence among patients receiving free ARV in south central China; (2) identify factors associated with adherence; (3) compare 3 self-report(More)