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The place and date of the domestication of the horse has long been a matter for debate among archaeologists. To determine whether horses were domesticated from one or several ancestral horse populations, we sequenced the mitochondrial D-loop for 318 horses from 25 oriental and European breeds, including American mustangs. Adding these sequences to(More)
The authors investigated 32 patients with the muscle form of CPT II deficiency. Total carnitine palmitoyltransferase enzyme system (CPT) activity was normal but abnormally inhibited by malonyl-CoA, palmitoyl-CoA, and the detergents Triton X and Tween 20. Mutation analysis identified three described mutations (S113L, P50H, and F448L) and two novel mutations(More)
The clinical manifestation of hemophilia A is caused by a wide range of different mutations. In this study the factor VIII genes of 147 severe hemophilia A patients--all exclusively from sporadic families--were screened for mutations by use of the complete panel of modern DNA techniques. The pathogenous defect could be characterized in 126 patients (85.7(More)
A cDNA clone containing the entire coding region of rat apolipoprotein D (Apo D) was isolated from a cDNA library of regenerating sciatic nerve by differential hybridization. Only small amounts of Apo D mRNA were detected in noninjured mature nerve. Moderately increased levels of Apo D transcripts were found in transected nerves, which were prevented from(More)
Nasonia vitripennis is a small parasitic hymenopteran with a 50-year history of genetic work including linkage mapping with mutant and molecular markers. For the first time we are now able to anchor linkage groups to specific chromosomes. Two linkage maps based on a hybrid cross (N. vitripennis x N. longicornis) were constructed using STS, RAPD and(More)
The authors investigated 32 patients with the muscle form of CPT II deficiency. Total carnitine palmitoyltransferase enzyme system (CPT) activity was normal but abnormally inhibited by malonyl-CoA, palmitoyl-CoA, and the detergents Triton X and Tween 20. Mutation analysis identified three described mutations (S113L, P50H, and F448L) and two novel mutations(More)
Mutations at the factor VIII gene locus causing Haemophilia A have now been identified in many patients from many ethnic groups. Earlier studies used biased methods which detected repetitive mutations at a few CG dinucleotides. More recently rapid gene scanning methods have uncovered an extreme diversity of mutations. Over 80 different point mutations, 6(More)
One form of the inherited, X-linked, bleeding disorder, hemophilia B, resolves after puberty. Mutations at -20 and -26 in the clotting factor IX promoter impair transcription by disrupting the binding site for the liver-enriched transcription factor LF-A1/HNF4. The -26 but not the -20 mutation also disrupts an androgen-responsive element, which overlaps the(More)
Ten novel polymorphic microsatellite loci were isolated and characterized from the greylag goose, Anser anser, a long-term monogamous and biparental bird. Additionally, five new primers pairs were designed based on previously published microsatellite locus sequences from closely related species. Multiplex polymerase chain reactions conditions were optimized(More)
Weidinger et al. recognized a rare deficient PI-variant, named PI Zaugsburg (PI Zaug), by using isoelectric focusing with a narrow pH gradient. The serum alpha 1-antitrypsin (alpha 1AT) level determined quantitatively in an individual carrying the phenotype PI M1Zaug revealed a value of 50%-60% of the normal range. The frequency of the deficient PI*Zaug(More)