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Fusarium wilt caused by Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. conglutinans is one of the most important diseases of Brassica crops, resulting in severe reductions in yield and quality. To characterize the inheritance pattern of fusarium resistance, a cross between a susceptible broccoli and a resistant cabbage was subjected to segregation analysis. Results indicated(More)
Allostery, the coupling between ligand binding and protein conformational change, is the heart of biological network and it has often been explained by two representative models, the induced-fit and the population-shift models. Here, we clarified for what systems one model fits better than the other by performing molecular simulations of coupled binding and(More)
For simulating proteins at work in millisecond time scale or longer, we develop a coarse-grained (CG) molecular dynamics (MD) method and software, CafeMol. At the resolution of one-particle-per-residue, CafeMol equips four structure-based protein models: (1) the off-lattice Go model, (2) the atomic interaction based CG model for native state and folding(More)
Fusarium yellows caused by Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. conglutinans is an important disease of Brassica worldwide. To identify a resistance (R) gene against Fusarium yellows in Chinese cabbage (Brassica rapa var. pekinensis), we analyzed differential expression at the whole genome level between resistant and susceptible inbred lines using RNA sequencing. Four(More)
Fertile plants undergoing male gametogenesis can be treated with nitrous oxide (N(2)O) gas to obtain 2n male gametes. N(2)O treatment is also expected to restore the fertility of interspecific hybrids through meiotic restitution or mitotic amphidiploidization. However, this technique has few applications to date, and it is un-known how N(2)O treatment(More)
Throughout the world, clubroot disease is one of the most damaging diseases affecting Brassica oleracea. To develop marker-assisted selection (MAS) that could assist the incorporation of durable clubroot resistance (CR) into cultivars, previous genetic analyses have identified several CR quantitative trait loci (CR–QTL). However, the independent and(More)
Hexameric ring-shaped AAA+ molecular motors have a key function of active translocation of a macromolecular chain through the central pore. By performing multiscale molecular dynamics (MD) simulations, we revealed that HslU, a AAA+ motor in a bacterial homologue of eukaryotic proteasome, translocates its substrate polypeptide via paddling mechanism during(More)
Brassica napus is a leading oilseed crop throughout many parts of the world. It is well adapted to long day photoperiods, however, it does not adapt well to short day subtropical regions. Short duration B. napus plants were resynthesized through ovary culture from interspecific crosses in which B. rapa cultivars were reciprocally crossed with B. oleracea.(More)
We identified the candidate gene conferring yellow wilt resistance (YR) in B. oleracea . This work will facilitate YR breeding programs for B. oleracea and its closely related species. Yellow wilt disease is one of the most serious diseases of cabbage worldwide. Type A resistance to the disease is controlled by a single dominant gene that is used in cabbage(More)
An allopolyploid is an individual having two or more complete sets of chromosomes derived from different species. Generation of allopolyploids might be rare because of the need to overcome limitations such as co-existing populations of parental lines, overcoming hybrid incompatibility, gametic non-reduction, and the requirement for chromosome doubling.(More)