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Lactitol hydrate (lactitol) was tested for its antigenicity in guinea pigs and mice. The following results were obtained. 1. No active systemic anaphylaxis reactions were found in guinea pigs sensitized subcutaneously with lactitol alone or in combination with Freund's complete adjuvant (FCA). 2. No 24 hr heterologous passive cutaneous anaphylaxis reactions(More)
An antigenicity study of (+/-)-4-diethylamino-1,1-dimethylbut-2-yn-1-yl 2-cyclohexyl-2-hydroxy-2-phenylacetate monohydrochloride monohydrate (NS-21), a new drug for the treatment of urinary frequency and incontinence, was conducted in Hartley guinea pigs and BALB/cAnN mice. The following results were obtained. No active systemic anaphylaxis reactions were(More)
The effect of sevoflurane in comparison with that of enflurane and halothane, each at 1.8 MAC, on the liver was examined after inhalation exposure to beagles under controlled respiration for 1 hr. No abnormalities were observed in general conditions in the animals exposed to any of these anesthetics. Recovery time to spontaneous respiration after the end of(More)
A 26-week oral repeated dose toxicity study of (+/-)-4-diethylamino-1, 1-dimethylbut-2-yn-1-yl 2-cyclohexyl-2-hydroxy-2-phenylacetate monohydrochloride monohydrate (NS-21), a new drug for the treatment of urinary frequency and incontinence, was conducted in Sprague-Dawley rats. Male and female rats were given the drug orally for 26 weeks at doses of 0(More)
Male beagle dogs were orally given lactitol, a hepatic encephalopathy drug, in a single dose of 7.5, 15.0 or 30.0 g/kg. Vomiting was seen within 30 minutes after dosing in all treated groups. Diarrhea was observed 3 or 5 hours after dosing in the 15.0 and 30.0 g/kg dose groups. There were no drug related effects on survival, food and water consumption, body(More)
UNLABELLED 13-week repeated dose toxicity studies were conducted on lactitol, a hepatic encephalopathy drug. In the experiment I, male and female dogs were orally treated with lactitol at doses of 0, 1.0, 2.5 and 6.25 g/kg/day for 13 weeks, followed by 4 weeks recovery period. In the experiment II, male and female dogs were orally treated with lactitol at(More)
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