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STUDY OBJECTIVE To characterize pulmonary and extrapulmonary Mycobacterium tuberculosis cases in the Somali community in Minnesota. DESIGN Retrospective chart review of active tuberculosis cases in Somalis reported to the Minnesota Department of Health between January 1993 and June 1998. PATIENTS Ethnic Somalis in the state of Minnesota with M(More)
We describe a case of Staphylococcus lugdunensis pulmonary valve endocarditis in a 65-year-old woman on chronic hemodialysis and provide a review of previously reported cases. The patient presented with fever and altered mental status, but had no other localizing symptoms or signs; coagulase-negative staphylococcus (subsequently identified as S.(More)
PURPOSE This study describes the characteristics of patients with pressure ulcers present on admission to the hospital and predictors of pressure ulcer presence and severity. DESIGN Prospective cohort study. SETTING AND SUBJECTS Adults (n = 267) admitted to a Pacific Basin military hospital who were expected to stay more than 24 hours. INSTRUMENTS(More)
Background: Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are transmembrane receptors that activate cells of the innate immune systems upon recognition of pathogen-associated molecular patterns. The TLR4 is an essential component of the innate immune response to various microorganisms. We investigated the impact of TLR4 polymorphism on development of opportunistic diseases in(More)
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