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The purpose of this study was to understand the detailed architectural properties of the human hamstring muscles. The long (BFlh) and short (BFsh) head of biceps femoris, semimembranosus (SM) and semitendinosus (ST) muscles were dissected and removed from their origins in eight cadaveric specimens (age 67.8±4.3 years). Mean fiber length, sarcomere length,(More)
The purpose of this study was to compare the architectural parameters of the long head of biceps femoris (BFlh) and semitendinosus (ST) muscles by comparing measurements from ultrasound (US) with those obtained from direct dissection. The BFlh and ST architectures were examined bilaterally in 6 legs from 3 male cadavers. The fascicle length, pennation(More)
The purpose of this study was to examine whether muscle architecture of the long head of biceps femoris (BF) and semitendinosus (ST) muscles varies along their length. The ST and BF muscles were dissected and removed from their origins in eight cadaveric specimens (age range 67.8-73.4 years). One-way analysis of variance designs were used to compare(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with end-stage renal disease on haemodialysis (HD) have limited work capacity. Many structural and functional alterations in skeletal muscles contribute to this disability. METHODS To evaluate the effects of exercise training on uraemic myopathy, seven HD patients (mean age 44.1+/-17.2 years) were studied. Open muscle biopsies were(More)
The purpose of the present study was to conduct direct measurements in a large sample of dried femori in order to record certain morphometric parameters of the femoral condyles and determine whether there are gender and side differences. Three hundred sixty (Greek) Caucasian dried femori (180 left and 180 right), from 192 males and 168 females, were(More)
The anatomical relationships of the greater occipital nerve (GON) to the semispinalis capitis muscle (SCM) and the trapezius muscle aponeurosis (TMA) were examined to identify topographic landmarks for use in anesthetic blockade of the GON in occipital neuralgia. The course and the diameter of the GON were studied in 40 cadavers (29 females, 11 males), and(More)
INTRODUCTION Although variations in the origin of the testicular artery are not uncommon, few reports about a high origin from the abdominal aorta exist in the literature. We discuss the case of a high origin of the testicular artery, its embryology, classification systems, and its clinical significance. CASE PRESENTATION We report a very rare case of(More)
Amphetamines are frequently used as anorexigenic drugs to facilitate fasting and weight loss, although some side effects are known. The objective of the study was to study the effects of fasting induced by amphetamine administration as compared to food restriction alone on skeletal muscle. Twelve male Wistar rats were assigned to three groups: One group(More)
The palmaris longus muscle originates from the medial epicondyle of the humerus. After a short distance, almost in the middle of the forearm, the muscle belly is toggled into a broad tendon which is inserted into the flexor retinaculum and the palmar aponeurosis. After dissection of the left forearm of a 73-year-old female cadaver we found a reversed(More)