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The purpose of this study was to understand the detailed architectural properties of the human hamstring muscles. The long (BFlh) and short (BFsh) head of biceps femoris, semimembranosus (SM) and semitendinosus (ST) muscles were dissected and removed from their origins in eight cadaveric specimens (age 67.8±4.3 years). Mean fiber length, sarcomere length,(More)
The purpose of this study was to compare the architectural parameters of the long head of biceps femoris (BFlh) and semitendinosus (ST) muscles by comparing measurements from ultrasound (US) with those obtained from direct dissection. The BFlh and ST architectures were examined bilaterally in 6 legs from 3 male cadavers. The fascicle length, pennation(More)
The purpose of this study was to examine whether muscle architecture of the long head of biceps femoris (BF) and semitendinosus (ST) muscles varies along their length. The ST and BF muscles were dissected and removed from their origins in eight cadaveric specimens (age range 67.8-73.4 years). One-way analysis of variance designs were used to compare(More)
The purpose of the present study was to conduct direct measurements in a large sample of dried femori in order to record certain morphometric parameters of the femoral condyles and determine whether there are gender and side differences. Three hundred sixty (Greek) Caucasian dried femori (180 left and 180 right), from 192 males and 168 females, were(More)
The anatomical relationships of the greater occipital nerve (GON) to the semispinalis capitis muscle (SCM) and the trapezius muscle aponeurosis (TMA) were examined to identify topographic landmarks for use in anesthetic blockade of the GON in occipital neuralgia. The course and the diameter of the GON were studied in 40 cadavers (29 females, 11 males), and(More)
Amphetamines are frequently used as anorexigenic drugs to facilitate fasting and weight loss, although some side effects are known. The objective of the study was to study the effects of fasting induced by amphetamine administration as compared to food restriction alone on skeletal muscle. Twelve male Wistar rats were assigned to three groups: One group(More)
The palmaris longus muscle originates from the medial epicondyle of the humerus. After a short distance, almost in the middle of the forearm, the muscle belly is toggled into a broad tendon which is inserted into the flexor retinaculum and the palmar aponeurosis. After dissection of the left forearm of a 73-year-old female cadaver we found a reversed(More)
PURPOSE To detect the variable relationship between sciatic nerve and piriformis muscle and make surgeons aware of certain anatomical features of each variation that may be useful for the surgical treatment of the piriformis syndrome. METHODS The gluteal region of 147 Caucasian cadavers (294 limbs) was dissected. The anatomical relationship between the(More)
BACKGROUND With the increasing number of people participating in physical aerobic exercise, jogging in particular, we considered that it would be worth knowing if there are should be limits to the exercise with regard to the intraocular pressure (IOP) of the eyes. The purpose of this study is to check IOP in healthy and primary glaucoma patients after(More)