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Surfactant obtained by bronchoalveolar lavage of normal adult mice was separated into subtypes by a one-step centrifugation to equilibrium on continuous sucrose gradients. Mouse surfactant resolved in this way exists in three subtypes with similar phospholipid compositions. A "light" subtype of buoyant density 1.027 +/- 0.012 (SD) g/ml comprises 43 +/- 18%(More)
BACKGROUND Experimental cell therapy attenuates maladaptive cardiac remodeling and improves heart function. Paracrine mechanisms have been proposed. The effect of cell therapy on post infarction cardiac fibroblast and extracellular matrix (ECM) regulation was examined. METHODS AND RESULTS Vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) were injected into the border(More)
Mouse alveolar surfactant can be separated by equilibrium centrifugation on continuous sucrose gradients into three subtypes which we call "ultraheavy", "heavy", and "light" on the basis of their buoyant densities. We examined their metabolic relationship by in vivo labeling studies and by physical manipulation, cycling the surface area in vitro in an(More)
BACKGROUND Wire cerclage closure of sternotomy is the standard of care despite evidence of pathologic sternal displacement (> 2 mm) during physiologic distracting forces (coughing). Postoperative functional recovery, respiration, pain, sternal dehiscence, and infection are influenced by early bone stability. This translational research report provides(More)
We explored the protective effect of corticosteroids on the mortality of mice that received thoracic irradiation. Methylprednisolone, 100 mg/kg/week, given from 11 weeks after gamma irradiation of the thorax resulted in an increase in the LD50 (11-26 weeks) from 14.3 +/- 0.3 (mean +/- SE) Gy to 17.6 +/- 0.4 Gy, P less than 0.001, a protection factor of 1.2.(More)
The superficial zone of the femoral head articular cartilage of 5- to 15-day old rats was examined by light and electron microscopy for evidence of shedding into the joint space. Chondrocytes deepest in the superficial zone were round, surrounded by a capsule, and connected to adjacent chondrocytes by the interlacunar network, whereas cells in the middle of(More)
Lung disaturated phosphatidylcholine (DSPC) turnover was investigated in normal C57 black and mutant beige mice; the latter have been postulated to have microtubular defects. Turnover experiments were performed on 117 black and 74 beige mice that were assayed for lamellar body-rich fraction (LB) and alveolar lavage fluid (AF) DSPC from 0.5 to 100 h after(More)
Ninety children and young adults underwent right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) reconstruction with aortic or pulmonary homografts from May, 1989 to May, 1994. The patients were divided into three groups according to preoperative diagnosis: RVOT obstructions with ventriculo-arterial (VA) concordance (61), RVOT obstructions with VA discordance (18) and(More)
The feasibility of an anaesthetic protocol developed for surgery during right heart bypass in sheep is reported. Seven female Suffolk sheep, weighing 25-35 kg, were selected for the study. Premedication consisted of midazolam and methadone (both 0.1 mg kg(-1) intravenously). Anaesthesia was induced with propofol (2-4 mg kg(-1)) and maintained with(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY The Ross operation has become very popular during the last decade. However little is known about the cellular behaviour of a normally functioning pulmonary autograft. METHODS This case report deals with a 14-year-old female who died from a non-valve-related cause 17 months after a Ross-Konno operation using a cryop-reserved(More)