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OBJECTIVE The significant roles of brown adipose tissue (BAT) in the regulation of energy expenditure and adiposity are established in small rodents but have been controversial in humans. The objective is to examine the prevalence of metabolically active BAT in healthy adult humans and to clarify the effects of cold exposure and adiposity. RESEARCH DESIGN(More)
Brown adipose tissue (BAT) can be identified by (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG)-positron emission tomography (PET) in adult humans. Thirteen healthy male volunteers aged 20-28 years underwent FDG-PET after 2-h cold exposure at 19 °C with light-clothing and intermittently putting their legs on an ice block. When exposed to cold, 6 out of the 13 subjects(More)
In this paper, we analyse the authentication protocol that has been proposed for the so called global mobility network in the October issue of the IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications. Using a simple logic of authentication, we show that the protocol has aws, and we present three diierent attacks that exploit these. We correct the protocol using(More)
To discover the exact incidence of congenital uterine anomalies among infertile patients, hysterosalpingography was performed on 1,200 married women with a history of repeated reproductive wastage. Out of 1,200 hysterosalpingographies, 188 revealed congenital uterine anomaly (15.7%). The degree of uterine cavity deformity in the anomalies was evaluated(More)
UNLABELLED Salivary gland dysfunction is one of the common side effects of high-dose radioiodine therapy for thyroid cancer. The purpose of this study was to determine whether an early start of sucking lemon candy decreases salivary gland injury after radioiodine therapy. METHODS The incidence of the side effects of radioiodine therapy on the salivary(More)
In the tumor cells exposed to hypoxia, hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1)-mediated adaptation responses such as angiogenesis and anaerobic metabolism are induced for their survival. We have recently reported that the constitutive expression of HIF-1 alpha renders pancreatic cancer cells resistant to apoptosis induced by hypoxia and glucose deprivation. We(More)
UNLABELLED The biologic mechanisms involved in the intratumoral heterogeneous distribution of 18F-FDG have not been fully investigated. To clarify factors inducing heterogeneous 18F-FDG distribution, we determined the intratumoral distribution of 18F-FDG by autoradiography (ARG) and compared it with the regional expression levels of glucose transporters(More)
UNLABELLED (15)O-Water and dynamic PET allow noninvasive quantification of myocardial blood flow (MBF). However, complicated image analyzing procedures are required, which may limit the practicality of this approach. We have designed a new practical algorithm, which allows stable, rapid, and automated quantification of regional MBF (rMBF) using (15)O-water(More)
To simplify the acquisition protocol of carbon-11 labeled flumazenil (FMZ) positron emission tomography (PET) for distribution volume (DV) images, we attempted to obtain standardized uptake value (SUV) images compatible with DV images, and assessed the applicability of this method in patients with unilateral cerebrovascular diseases (CVD). [(11)C]FMZ PET(More)
UNLABELLED Annexin V (annexin A5), a human protein with a high affinity for phosphatidylserine, labeled with (99m)Tc can detect apoptosis in vivo. In the repetitive detection of apoptosis with (99m)Tc-annexin V, however, the specific binding of annexin V to phosphatidylserine might affect the subsequent detection of apoptosis with this compound. To(More)