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Continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) has emerged as an important dialysis treatment modality worldwide. One of the major complications is bacterial peritonitis, which may result in subsequent technique failure because of loss of peritoneal clearance or peritoneal fibrosis. Bacterial peritonitis leads to the release of proinflammatory cytokines(More)
BACKGROUND Immunocytochemical studies have revealed that all components of the renin-angiotensin system are widely distributed in human tissues yet the information on the gene expression of the renin-angiotensin system in various types of cell remains scarce. OBJECTIVE We explored the presence of a local renin-angiotensin system in human kidney. METHODS(More)
Hyaluronan (HA) is a polysaccharide that forms a critical component of extracellular matrices. HA is present in high concentrations in tissues undergoing remodeling and morphogenesis, and it appears to have an important role in the early stages of wound healing. Here, we studied the level of HA in the peritoneal dialysate effluent (PDE) from 116 stable(More)
BRE binds to the cytoplasmic domains of tumor necrosis factor receptor-1 and Fas, and in cell lines can attenuate death receptor-initiated apoptosis by inhibiting t-BID-induced activation of the mitochondrial apoptotic pathway. Overexpression of BRE by transfection can also attenuate intrinsic apoptosis and promote growth of the transfected Lewis lung(More)
Recent studies reveal conflicting results on the change of solute transfer with time on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) and recurrent peritonitis. Herein, we performed a cross-sectional study of 76 patients on CAPD to examine their peritoneal permeability by measuring the dialysate to serum ratio of creatinine (D/P) and the mass transfer(More)
We investigated the total cell count and cell population of the overnight peritoneal dialysis effluent (PDE) by flow cytometry in 76 stable continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) patients. The mean percentage of mesothelial cells and macrophages was 4.4% and 57%, respectively. A higher percentage of dead cells among the mesothelial cells compared(More)
Hyaluronan is an important component of extracellular matrix and plays a critical role in early phases of wound healing. Peritoneal mesothelium is a major site of hyaluronan production. Serum hyaluronan concentration has been shown to predict survival in maintenance hemodialysis patients. We hypothesize that mesothelial production of hyaluronan during the(More)
BACKGROUND The fruit extract of Gleditsia sinensis Lam. (GSE) is a traditional herbal medicine that is saponin-rich. However, its activity on solid tumour cell lines has never been demonstrated. METHODS The activity of GSE was demonstrated in four cancer cell lines (breast cancer MCF-7, MDA-MB231, hepatoblastoma HepG2 and oesophageal squamous carcinoma(More)
Our study aims to determine whether anti-dsDNA exerts any effect on the gene expression of IL-8 or TGF-beta in cultured HUVEC. Both cytokines have angiogenic effect on endothelial cells. IgG was purified from 19 patients with SLE and from 19 healthy controls. Anti-dsDNA-depleted polyclonal IgG was also prepared from serum IgG of lupus patients by affinity(More)