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We describe here diffusion and imaging properties of three new lipophilic tracers, NeuroVue Maroon (near infrared), NeuroVue Red and NeuroVue Green. Using pair-wise comparisons between the new dyes and existing dyes (DiI, DiA, DiD, DiO, PKH2, PKH26) applied to the left and the right side of fixed spinal cord preparations, we show that NeuroVue Maroon(More)
Adoptive immunotherapy with tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TIL) and lymphokine-activated killer cells has been demonstrated to mediate regression of tumors in murine models and in selected patients with advanced cancer. Improved methods for monitoring immune cell traffic, particularly to sites of tumor, are needed to elucidate mechanisms of antitumor(More)
Proliferation and multidrug resistance status are key predictors of therapeutic outcome in acute myeloid leukaemia (AML). Anthracyclines such as daunorubicin (DNR) are typically used to treat AML and can induce drug resistance. The goal of the studies described here was to select a combination of fluorescent probes that could be used in combination with(More)
The association between the induction and progression of adjuvant-induced arthritis (AA) and the development of synovial and systemic macrophage activation was assessed by studying the temporal development of these parameters in a rat model. Rats with AA developed significant edema of the uninjected hind leg beginning 10 days post-adjuvant injection, with(More)
In humans with B-cell malignancies, the presence of monoclonal B lymphocytes (clonal proliferation) can be detected by comparing the fluorescence intensity distributions of lymphocytes stained with anti-kappa and anti-lambda reagents. The sensitivity of previously described single-color immunofluorescence techniques to low levels of clonal excess is limited(More)
Cell sorting and tritiated thymidine autoradiography were used to define the distribution of S phase cells in flow cytometric DNA histograms obtained from exponential mouse lymphoma cells (L5178Y). The numbers of labeled S phase cells, autoradiographically determined from cells sorted at 2-channel intervals in the G1/early S and late S/G2M regions of the(More)
We demonstrated previously that variables of macrophage activation are associated with the development and progression of the arthritic lesion in the model of adjuvant induced arthritis. This association was investigated further by assessing the ability of antiarthritic agents to modulate variables of macrophage activation in direct comparison to effects on(More)
Cellular proliferative activity has previously been determined by measuring the incorporation of radiolabelled nucleotides or by visual inspection of cellular morphology. Although two flow cytometric methods have recently been developed which can distinguish cycling from non-cycling cells, both have serious disadvantages. One method requires uptake of a(More)
Spirogermanium is a novel metal containing azaspirane compound with reported antitumor activity. The results of the present investigation demonstrate that spirogermanium also exhibits antiarthritic and immunoregulatory activities after p.o. administration to rats. Spirogermanium decreased hindleg inflammatory lesions of adjuvant arthritic rats when(More)
Dissecting development of neuronal connections is critical for understanding neuronal function in both normal and diseased states. Charting the development of the multitude of connections is a monumental task, since a given neuron typically receives hundreds of convergent inputs from other neurons and provides divergent outputs for hundreds of other(More)