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The Systolic Hypertension in the Elderly Program (SHEP) Pilot was a collaborative clinical trial that distributed to the clinics all data processing tasks except for randomization assignment codes and morbidity and mortality data. The clinics used customized programs to enter and verify data interactively, to maintain their own local master files, and to(More)
Zonal ‡ow helps reduce and control the level of ion temperature gradient (ITG) turbulence in a tokamak. The collisional damping of zonal ‡ow has been estimated by Hinton and Rosenbluth (H-R). Their calculation shows that the damping of zonal ‡ow is closely related to the frequency response of neoclassical polarization of the plasma. Based on a variational(More)
A new class of inertial fusion capsules is presented that combines multishell targets with laser direct drive at low intensity (2.8×10^{14}  W/cm^{2}) to achieve robust ignition. The targets consist of three concentric, heavy, metal shells, enclosing a volume of tens of μg of liquid deuterium-tritium fuel. Ignition is designed to occur well "upstream" from(More)
A kinetic theory of triggered VLF whistler emissions is given that is capable of predicting from a small scale numerical implementation the observed emission forms, and frequency-time characteristics. The present paper focuses on the theoretical developments and the explanation of the triggering process, complete with a demonstration of the threshold(More)
A general formulation of transport theory, specifically treating like-particle collisions, is developed for non-symmetric geometries, using the Lagrangian picture. This theory provides a particularly simple method for calculating transport coefficients which is useful for devices such as stellarators and tandem mirrors. We prove that the explicit piece of(More)
This Letter describes the theoretical structure of the plasma diffusion layer that develops from an initially sharp gas-metal interface. The layer dynamics under isothermal and isobaric conditions is considered so that only mass diffusion (mixing) processes can occur. The layer develops a distinctive structure with asymmetric and highly nonlinear features.(More)
Knudsen layer losses of tail fuel ions can significantly reduce the fusion reactivity of multi-keV DT in capsules with small fuel ρr; sizable yield reduction can result for small inertial confinement fusion (ICF) capsules. This effect is most pronounced when the distance from a burning DT gas region to a nonreacting or cold wall is comparable to the mean(More)
ABSTRACr The effect of turbulent electron diffusion from stochastic electron orbits on the stability of low beta fluctuations is considered. A set of coupled self-adjoint equations is derived for the fluctuation potentials and A,,. For the tearing mode, it is shown that stability is obtained for sufficiently large values of the diffusion coefficient,(More)