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BACKGROUND aPKC and PAR-1 are required for cell polarity in various contexts. In mammalian epithelial cells, aPKC localizes at tight junctions (TJs) and plays an indispensable role in the development of asymmetric intercellular junctions essential for the establishment and maintenance of apicobasal polarity. On the other hand, one of the mammalian PAR-1(More)
We have previously shown that during early Caenorhabditis elegans embryogenesis PKC-3, a C. elegans atypical PKC (aPKC), plays critical roles in the establishment of cell polarity required for subsequent asymmetric cleavage by interacting with PAR-3 [Tabuse, Y., Y. Izumi, F. Piano, K.J. Kemphues, J. Miwa, and S. Ohno. 1998. Development (Camb.).(More)
BACKGROUND Recent studies have revealed that aPKC (atypical protein kinase C), PAR-3 and PAR-6 play indispensable roles in the regulation of various cell polarization events, from worms to mammals, suggesting that they comprise an evolutionarily conserved protein machinery which is essential for cell polarization. The three proteins interact with each other(More)
Signaling mechanisms underlying neurotrophic regulation of synaptic transmission are not fully understood. Here we show that neurotrophin-3 (NT3)-induced potentiation of synaptic transmission at the neuromuscular synapses is blocked by inhibition of phosphoinositide-3 kinase, phospholipase C-γ or the downstream IP3 receptors of phospholipase C-γ, but not by(More)
The mammalian protein ASIP/PAR-3 interacts with atypical protein kinase C isotypes (aPKC) and shows overall sequence similarity to the invertebrate proteins C. elegans PAR-3 and Drosophila Bazooka, which are crucial for the establishment of polarity in various cells. The physical interaction between ASIP/PAR-3 and aPKC is also conserved in C. elegans PAR-3(More)
Nineteen fungi were tested for their ability to degrade aflatoxin B1 (AFB1). An extracellular enzyme from the edible mushroom Pleurotus ostreatus showed afaltoxin-degradation activity detected by thin-layer chromatography (TLC). An enzyme with this activity was purified by two chromatographies on DEAE-Sepharose and Phenyl-Sepharose. The apparent molecular(More)
Solid papillary carcinoma is a rare breast lesion, but this entity remains poorly recognized. In this article, we report a case of solid papillary carcinoma of the breast with focus on cytological and histological findings. A 66-year-old Japanese woman presented with nipple discharge. Imprint cytology obtained from the surgically resected breast specimens(More)
The evolutionarily conserved polarity proteins PAR-3, atypical protein kinase C (aPKC) and PAR-6 critically regulate the apical membrane development required for epithelial organ development. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying their roles remain to be clarified. We demonstrate that PAR-3 knockdown in MDCK cells retards apical protein delivery to(More)
PAR-3 is a scaffold-like PDZ-containing protein that forms a complex with PAR-6 and atypical protein kinase C (PAR-3-atypical protein kinase C-PAR-6 complex) and contributes to the establishment of cell polarity in a wide variety of biological contexts. In mammalian epithelial cells, it localizes to tight junctions, the most apical end of epithelial(More)
Adenoid basal carcinomas of the uterine cervix are uncommon neoplasms and generally run a favorable clinical course. Although it is well known that these tumors do not evoke the stromal reaction, we immunohistochemically examined a stromal reaction in a case of adenoid basal carcinoma. A 40-year-old woman was found to have a cervical polyp during a medical(More)