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All available colloid volume substitutes carry the risk of anaphylactoid reactions. In a multicentre prospective trial, 69 cases of anaphylactoid reactions have been observed among 200 906 infusions of colloid volume substitutes. The frequency of severe reactions (shock, cardiac and/or respiratory arrest) was 0-003% for plasma-protein solutions, 0-006% for(More)
The aim of the study was to evaluate the effects of long-term confinement on stress-permissive neuroendocrine and immune responses in humans. Two groups of four male subjects were confined 240 days (group 240) or 110 days (group 110) in two space modules of 100 or 200 m3, respectively. During confinement, none of the volunteers developed psychic stress as(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) is suggested to play a role in mediating pulmonary injury. However, interspecies differences appear to exist in the ability of alveolar macrophages (AM) to express the inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and to generate NO. The purpose of this study was to compare iNOS expression and NO production by rat, hamster, monkey, and human AM(More)
We report the appearance of a Mycoplasma haemocanis infection in laboratory dogs, which has been reported previously, yet, never before in Europe. Outbreak of the disease was triggered by a splenectomy intended to prepare the dogs for a hemorrhagic shock study. The clinical course of the dogs was dramatic including anorexia and hemolytic anemia. Treatment(More)
Anti-angiogenetic cancer therapy is a potential new form for treatment of solid tumours. The alpha(v)-integrins (alpha(v)beta3, alpha(v)beta5) mediate the contact of activated endothelial cells to proteins of the extracellular matrix during tumour angiogenesis as a prerequisite for survival of endothelial cells. The aim of this study was to investigate the(More)
Hypertonic saline prevents vascular adherence of neutrophils and ameliorates ischemic tissue injury. We hypothesized that hypertonic saline attenuates N-formyl-methionyl-leucyl-phenylalanine (fMLP)-stimulated expression of adhesion molecules on human polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNLs). fMLP-stimulated up-regulation of beta2-integrins was diminished by(More)
Orthogonal polarization spectral (OPS) imaging is a new technique that can be used to visualize the microcirculation with reflected light. It uses hemoglobin absorption to visualize the red blood cells (RBCs). Thus the method could fail at low hematocrit (Hct). The aim of this study was to validate OPS imaging for quantitative measurements of diameter and(More)
The influence of hyperglycemia on the microvascular blood perfusion of pancreatic islet isografts of Syrian golden hamsters was analyzed by direct visualization of the islet's microvasculature by means of in vivo fluorescence microscopy. The experiments were performed using the hamster dorsal skinfold preparation, which allows for quantitative analysis of(More)
Fluorescent-labeled microspheres (FM) are a new tool for the determination of organ blood flow. However, the FM-method is labor intensive, because of the necessity to recover the microspheres from the tissue samples. The aim of this study was to automate the FM-method. A Zymate-Robotic System (Zymark, Idstein, Germany) was modified to handle a novel(More)