K Meier-Ewert

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We investigated in vivo D2 receptor binding using 11C-raclopride and PET in the striatum of 17 subjects with the narcoleptic syndrome. Putamen and caudate nucleus 11C-raclopride uptake was comparable in the total patient group and controls, and the tracer uptake was similar in the HLA-DR2-positive (n = 12) and HLA-DR2-negative (n = 5) narcoleptic subjects.(More)
Bright white light (500lx) for 4 h/day was applied to seven narcoleptic patients (age 47-65 years, mean 55 years). The effects of the light on the disturbed sleep-wake cycle in narcoleptics were investigated by the measurement of the following parameters: (1) excessive daytime sleepiness and sustained attention (multiple sleep latency test); (2)(More)
Fifteen unmedicated narcoleptic patients with and without sleep-onset REM period (SOREMP) were compared with 16 unmedicated, age-and-sex-matched control subjects with respect to polygraphic, core body temperature and motor activity recordings. Whereas narcoleptic patients with SOREMPs had significantly more quiet wakefulness during sleep, those without(More)
Diagnosis of parasomnias in the sleep laboratory is difficult since the nocturnal behavior reported by the patients often does not show up in the laboratory. To test the efficacy of sleep deprivation as a tool to provoke somnambulism we investigated ten patients (three women and seven men, mean age 27 +/- 3.4) with somnambulism. Their standard(More)
Seventeen unmedicated patients with narcolepsy-cataplexy and 17 age- and sex-matched controls were recorded polygraphically for 3 consecutive nights. Rapid eye movements (REMs), m. mentalis twitches and sawtooth waves in the EEG were visually scored. REM and twitch densities during REM sleep were significantly higher in the patients than in the controls.(More)
This preliminary study investigates effects of methyl- and cyanocobalamin on circadian rhythms, well-being, alertness, and concentration in healthy subjects. Six women (mean age 35 years) and 14 men (mean age 37 years) were randomly assigned to treatment for 14 days with 3 mg cyano-(CB12) or methylcobalamin (MB12) after 9 days of pre-treatment observation.(More)
To clarify the effect of vitamin B12 on the human circadian clock, five healthy male adults participated in two constant routine procedures, 2 or 3 weeks apart. In one, subjects received intravenous saline injections (placebo trial) and in the other, intravenous injections of methylcobalamin (MB12) (drug trial). Intravenous administration of MB12 increased(More)
Seventeen unmedicated patients with narcolepsy-cataplexy and 17 age-and sex-matched controls were recorded polygraphically for 3 consecutive nights. Rapid eye movements (REMs), m. mentalis twitches and sawtooth waves in the EEG were visually scored. REM and twitch densities during REM sleep were significantly higher in the patients than in the controls. The(More)
The usefulness of daytime polysomnography (DPSG) in the diagnosis of sleep apnea syndrome (SAS) is examined. Diagnostic use was investigated by conducting DPSG of two different time periods (Group M, 11.00-14.00 h, and Group A, 15.00-18.00 h). The subjects were 30 patients (28 men and two women; mean age, 54.0 years). Nocturnal polysomnography (NPSG) and(More)