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The activation and fusion of macrophages and of osteoclasts require the adaptor molecule DNAX-activating protein of 12 kD (DAP12), which contains immunoreceptor tyrosine-based activation motifs (ITAMs). TREM2 (triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells-2) is the main DAP12-associated receptor in osteoclasts and, similar to DAP12 deficiency, loss of(More)
T lymphocytes express a tyrosine protein kinase (TPK; protein-tyrosine kinase; ATP:protein-tyrosine O-phosphotransferase, EC 2.7.1.112), pp56lck that is encoded by the lck protooncogene. This TPK was recently found to be associated with the intracellular domain of the T-cell surface glycoproteins, CD4 and CD8, suggesting that it plays an important role in(More)
In inflamed venules, neutrophils rolling on E-selectin induce integrin alpha(L)beta(2)-dependent slow rolling on intercellular adhesion molecule-1 by activating Src family kinases (SFKs), DAP12 and Fc receptor-gamma (FcRgamma), spleen tyrosine kinase (Syk), and p38. E-selectin signaling cooperates with chemokine signaling to recruit neutrophils into(More)
Anti-CD20 antibodies may reduce or eliminate non-Hodgkin's lymphoma B cells in patients, although the mechanism of action is not clear. To explore mechanism(s), we examined the induction of signal transduction events using anti-CD20 monoclonal antibodies (mAb) in the human non-Hodgkin's lymphoma Ramos B cell line. We found that while Rituximab (a(More)
Selectins mediate rolling, the initial step of leukocyte adhesion to endothelial cells [Springer, T. A. (1995) Annu. Rev. Physiol. 57, 827-872 and Butcher, E. C. (1991) Cell 67, 1033-1036]. In this study we show that L-selectin triggering of Jurkat cells using different antibodies or glycomimetics resulted in activation of the src-tyrosine kinase p56lck;(More)
Stimulation of the B cell Ag receptor (BCR) has been reported to induce tyrosine phosphorylation of a 145-kDa protein and its association with the adapter protein Shc. We have identified this protein as the novel inositol polyphosphate 5-phosphatase (SHIP). Further analysis revealed that both maximal phosphorylation of SHIP and its association with Shc(More)
Src homology 2 domain-containing inositol 5-phosphatase (SHIP(-/-)) animals display an age-related increase in interleukin-6 (IL-6), a decrease in B lymphopoiesis, and an elevation in myelopoiesis. We investigated the origin of the IL-6 production and show that it is largely produced by peritoneal and splenic macrophages. IL-6 production by these(More)
Signal transduction mediated by phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI 3-kinase) is regulated by hydrolysis of its products, a function performed by the 145-kDa SH2 domain-containing inositol phosphatase (SHIP). Here, we show that bone marrow macrophages of SHIP(-/-) animals have elevated levels of phosphatidylinositol 3,4,5-trisphosphate [PI (3,4,5)P(3)] and(More)
The fact that B cells undergo feedback suppression, or negative signaling, through the interaction of secreted antibody with specific antigen has been extensively documented but the mechanisms involved in the process have been elusive. Experiments over the past year using B cell deletion mutants and dominant-negative enzymes have firmly established an(More)