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Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) or kala-azar mainly affects children in endemic areas. This study was conducted to determine the seroprevalence of VL using direct agglutination test (DAT) in children living in rural districts of Alborz Province located 30 km from Tehran capital city of Iran. Multi-stage cluster random sampling was applied. Blood samples were(More)
The present study was conducted to assess the livelihood status of fishing community of the old Brahmaputra River from April to August, 2010. Data were collected through the use of well-structured questionnaire from the selected area. Most of the fishermen were belonged to the age groups of 31 to 40 years (50.00%), represented by 95% Muslim. Over 70% of the(More)
BACKGROUND This paper presents the methodology and primary findings of a national project on determinants of weight disorders among Iranian children and adolescents at national and sub-national levels. METHODS This nationwide study was conducted in 2011-2012 in Iran as part of the fourth phase of a national surveillance program entitled Childhood and(More)
BACKGROUND During withdrawal, patients experience different symptoms. These symptoms are associated with relapse. Understanding different outcomes of methamphetamine abstinence is useful for finding better treatments for dependence. OBJECTIVES This study aimed to show the effects of abstinence on depression, anxiety, and quality of life in methamphetamine(More)
BACKGROUND Curcumin (diferuloylmethane) has been associated with the inhibition of angiogenesis, as well as the prevention of cancers and inflammatory processes. The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of curcumin in suppressing angiogenesis in the cultured endothelial cells of rat aortic rings. METHODS Eight-week-old male Wistar rats were(More)
BACKGROUND It is clear that tobacco smoking and substance abuse have negative consequences on adolescent and youth's health. Tobacco smoking especially hookah smoking has increased worldwide especially among university students. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of risk-taking behaviors such as cigarette smoking, hookah smoking, alcohol use, and(More)
INTRODUCTION Preterm and low birth weight tend to occur as a direct result of prenatal risky behaviors, diseases, as well as fetal exposure to harmful social and environmental factors. The present study aimed to investigate the relationship between job style and preterm low birth weight. METHODS The present case-control study was conducted in the Kamali(More)
BACKGROUND Apical Membrane antigen 1 (AMA-1) is positioned on the surface of merozoite and it may play a role in attack to red blood cells. The main aim of present study was to determine the genetic variation, as well as, to detect of selection at domain I of AMA-1 gene Plasmodium vivax isolates in Iran. METHODS Blood samples were collected from 58(More)
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