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BACKGROUND Glatiramer acetate, approved for the treatment of relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis, reduces relapses and disease activity and burden monitored by MRI. We assessed the efficacy of early treatment with glatiramer acetate in delaying onset of clinically definite multiple sclerosis. METHODS In this randomised, double-blind trial, undertaken(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess longitudinal follow-up of the incidence of multiple sclerosis (MS) through five decades and estimate the prevalence rate in Hordaland County, Norway, on January 1, 2003. METHODS All patients with MS diagnosed from 1953 to 2003 were identified in the patient records of the Department of Neurology, Haukeland University Hospital, Bergen,(More)
BACKGROUND Important advances in multiple sclerosis (MS) research have been made as a direct or indirect result of experiments in animal models for the disease, although MS is a disease only affecting humans. The cuprizone model is a model for toxic demyelination. In this model, young mice are fed with the copper chelator cuprizone, leading to(More)
Using the ImmunoChip custom genotyping array, we analyzed 14,498 subjects with multiple sclerosis and 24,091 healthy controls for 161,311 autosomal variants and identified 135 potentially associated regions (P < 1.0 × 10−4). In a replication phase, we combined these data with previous genome-wide association study (GWAS) data from an independent 14,802(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of symptoms of depression and anxiety amongst multiple sclerosis (MS) patients, and the associations with demographic and clinical characteristics. The current treatment for depression and anxiety was also evaluated amongst the MS patients. A total of 140 MS patients from Eastern Norway underwent(More)
In multiple sclerosis (MS), the correlation between lesion load on conventional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and clinical disability is weak. This clinico-radiological paradox might partly be due to the low sensitivity of conventional MRI to detect gray matter demyelination. Magnetization transfer ratio (MTR) has previously been shown to detect white(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) and self-rated quality of life scores (SF-36 Health Survey) as measures of disease impact in a representative sample of MS patients. BACKGROUND The EDSS is the most common outcome measure of impairment/disability for MS patients but is heavily weighted toward mobility. Sensitive outcome(More)
BACKGROUND Poor sleep is a frequent symptom in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). Sleep may be influenced by MS-related symptoms and adverse effects from immunotherapy and symptomatic medications. We aimed to study the prevalence of poor sleep and the influence of socio-demographic and clinical factors on sleep quality in MS- patients. METHODS A total(More)
BACKGROUND To study the impact of fatigue in young ischaemic stroke patients. METHODS The Fatigue Severity Scale score was obtained in 192 patients (mean time 6.0 years after the stroke) and 212 controls. RESULTS Fatigue was associated with cerebral infarction in a multivariate analysis of patients and controls (p = 0.002). Fatigue was independently(More)
BACKGROUND We studied the level of distress in caregivers of patients with recently diagnosed multiple sclerosis (MS), and their relation to clinical characteristics. METHODS Caregivers of patients with MS and Parkinson's disease completed measures of distress and quality of life. MS patients underwent neurological, neuropsychiatric and neuropsychological(More)