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Artificial mechanical ventilation represents a major cause of iatrogenic lung damage in intensive care. It is largely unknown which mediators, if any, contribute to the onset of such complications. We investigated whether stress caused by artificial mechanical ventilation leads to induction, synthesis, and release of cytokines or eicosanoids from lung(More)
Different pathogenetic factors have been associated with the development of chondrocalcinosis. Under normal conditions, previous degenerative meniscus changes with proliferation of "pseudochondrocytes" and chondrocalcinosis have been found coincidentally. Small fragments can be excised during arthroscopy for histological assessment of the developmental(More)
PURPOSE Sensitive detection of systemic tumor dissemination in lung cancer patients is important for selection of appropriate treatment modalities. Based on recent promising data that showed reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) analyses for cytokeratin 19 (CK-19) expression in peripheral-blood or bone marrow samples to be a rapid and(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether DNA aneuploidy is a sensitive and specific marker for the identification of tumor cells in effusions and whether the pattern of DNA aneuploidy can provide important information for the differential diagnosis of primary and secondary tumors of the serous membranes. STUDY DESIGN One hundred eight malignant mesotheliomas as(More)
BACKGROUND AND METHODS To validate the new TNM definitions for lung cancer (International Union Against Cancer [UICC] TNM classification, 4th edition, 1987), the data of 3823 patients were analyzed prospectively in terms of concordance between clinical (TNM) and pathologically confirmed classification (pTNM), the value of the various diagnostic techniques(More)
170 consecutive biopsies from the bronchial tree were subjected to ultrastructural analysis. 62 were identified as preneoplastic lesions: of these, 7 as goblet cell hyperplasia, 20 as basal cell hyperplasia, 17 as combined goblet and basal cell hyperplasia, 10 as epidermoid metaplasia, and 8 as dysplasia. The ultrastructural features of these lesions are(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of our study was to analyze the cellular components of neointimal tissue regeneration after coronary stenting. BACKGROUND High restenosis rates are a major limiting factor of coronary stenting. To reduce the occurrence of restenoses, more insights into the mechanisms leading to proliferation and expression of extracellular matrix are(More)
Four cases of dendriform pulmonary ossification are reported from postmortem roentgenography of isolated lungs. All showed pathoanatomical evidence of chronic fibrosing, mostly interstitial, rarely intraalveolar pneumonia, besides the typical manifestations of dendriform pulmonary ossification. Microscopy revealed fluid transition from proliferating,(More)
BACKGROUND Capsaicin-sensitive neurons contain various peptides including calcitonin gene-related peptide. This study examines (1) whether calcitonin gene-related peptide is involved in capsaicin-induced gastroprotection and (2) whether nitric oxide and prostaglandin are required for calcitonin gene-related peptide to prevent mucosal injury. METHODS(More)