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Rats treated chronically with diazepam develop tolerance to diazepam effects and show changes in sensitivity of GABAergic systems. In order to investigate possible molecular mechanisms associated with these changes, we have evaluated the effects of acute and chronic diazepam treatment on levels of mRNA for the alpha 1 and beta 1 subunits of the GABAA(More)
Immunohistochemical and ligand-binding techniques were used to visualize the neurotransmitter serotonin and one of its receptors, the 5-HT1A subtype, in auditory nuclei of the brainstem. Serotonergic fibers and terminal endings were found in all auditory nuclei extending from the cochlear nucleus to the inferior colliculus, including the superior olivary(More)
The Telephone Counseling Trial for Breast Cancer Survivors is a randomized, controlled study designed to test the impact of a telephone-based counseling intervention on quality of life of early-stage breast cancer patients who have completed adjuvant treatment. A psychoeducational counseling model is utilized to promote adaptive coping to re-entry stressors(More)
A 1.8-kilobase (kb) cDNA clone for a beta 1 subunit of the human gamma-aminobutyric acidA (GABAA) receptor has been isolated and sequenced. The longest open reading frame of the clone, pCLL610, contains nucleotide sequence encoding a portion of the putative signal sequence followed by 449 amino acids of the entire mature protein. The deduced amino acid(More)
alpha-Chloralose is widely used as an anesthetic in the laboratory due to its minimal effects on autonomic and cardiovascular systems, yet little is known about its mechanism of action. We examined the effects of alpha-chloralose on gamma-aminobutyric acid type A (GABAA) receptor activity because recent studies have shown that several classes of general(More)
The role of genotype in susceptibility to the behavioral actions of benzodiazepines is not well characterized. To develop a model for such studies, we have characterized the anxiolytic and sedative activities of diazepam in C57BL/6J and A/J inbred mice. C57BL/6J mice were more responsive than A/J mice to diazepam-induced anxiolytic-like activity in the(More)
Ca2+ transport activity in synaptosomal membranes has been identified as having two major components: Ca2+-stimulated ATP hydrolysis and ATP-dependent CA2+ uptake. Both processes exhibit similar affinities for Ca2+ and operate maximally under identical buffer conditions. Subcellular fractionation studies revealed the Ca2+/Mg2+ ATPase and ATP-dependent CA2+(More)
We have established that the GABAA receptor alpha 6 (Gabra6) and alpha 1 (Gabra 1) subunit genes are tightly linked on mouse chromosome 11 by analysing the strain distribution patterns of RFLPs for the two genes and microsatellite markers flanking these genes in 26 BXD recombinant inbred strains. These results further demonstrate clustering of the GABAA(More)
In summary, these data suggest that widespread primary or secondary cerebral vasoconstriction is common in patients with neurological complications from cocaine. In most patients, SPECT showed wide-spread hypoperfusion in regions that had no clear clinical significance (e.g., the periventricular area). In many, the SPECT was performed more than 24 hours(More)
Neurosteroids bind to unique sites on the GABA(A) receptor complex and modulate receptor function. The effects of neurosteroids on GABA(A) receptors have been well characterized in forebrain regions. However, little is known about their effects on GABA(A) receptors in the medulla, especially those areas involved in autonomic reflex pathways. Stimulation of(More)