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Here, scaffolds as cell and tissue carriers are approached from an engineering point of view, emphasizing material superstructuring in the design of supports. Superstructure engineering provides optimal spatial and nutritional conditions for cell maintenance by the arrangement of structural elements (e.g. pores or fibres) so as to vary the order of cell to(More)
Biomaterials and related process engineering in order to obtain optimal surface and structural biocompatibility of implants and devices are presented. Vital-avital composites for tissue engineering, cell culture models, porous ceramics and degradable polymers are introduced as examples. Emphasis is laid on the conversion of basic research results into(More)
Plasma activation of polyetheretherketone (PEEK) surfaces and the influence on coating formation in a supersaturated calcium phosphate solution was investigated in this study. It was observed that plasma treatment in a N2/O2 plasma had a significant effect on the wettability of the PEEK surface. The contact angle decreased from 85 degrees to 25 degrees(More)
Both extracorporeal liver support devices and tissue engineering of liver for transplantation require the maintenance of functionality of liver cells (hepatocytes) in cell culture for a long time. One approach to achieve this is to optimize hepatocyte in vitro environment by using a scaffold with topographic structure at sub-millimeter scale which controls(More)
Carbon fibre-reinforced polyetheretherketone (CF-PEEK) substrates were coated with titanium by vacuum-plasma-spraying and chemically treated in 10 M sodium hydroxide (NaOH) solution. After NaOH treatment, the specimens were immersed in simulated body fluid (SBF) containing ions in concentrations similar to those of human blood plasma. Scanning electron(More)
Microporous alumina was used to develop implantable cell carriers shaped as a hollow-sphere with a central opening to allow ingrowth of vascularised tissues. The carriers were produced by suspending the ceramic raw materials in water, homogenising and dropping the resulting slurry onto a heated plate (hot plate moulding, HPM). Morphological characteristics(More)
Atomic force microscopy (AFM) as a tool for quality control of engineered cartilage. The mechanical rigidity of three different methods of resorbable intramedullary fixation (bone peg, AND polyglycolide rods with and without interlocking) was assessed in a comminuted phalangeal fracture model and the results compared with two commonly used internal fixation(More)
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