Learn More
High-resolution functional imaging experiments at 0.95 Tesla have been performed to determine the changes in oxygen saturation in pial veins during motor activation by measuring both flow and susceptibility changes in the blood. Averaging across subjects, mean values for the change of the oxygenation level, deltaY = 0.16 +/- 0.08 (n = 7) and deltaY = 0.13(More)
A novel noninvasive magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) method was developed to determine in vivo blood oxygen saturation and its changes during motor cortex activation in small cerebral veins. Specifically, based on susceptibility measurements in the resting states, pial veins were found to have a mean oxygen saturation of Yrest=0.544+/-0.029 averaged over 14(More)
PURPOSE To assess the use of pre-and postcontrast three-dimensional (3D) T1-weighted images to obtain quantitative regional cerebral blood volume (rCBV) maps and to delineate the vascular system of the brain. MATERIALS AND METHODS Sagittal 3D pre-and postcontrast T1-weighted images were acquired in 10 patients and two volunteers. The images were processed(More)
A three-dimensional (3D) T1-weighted sequence was used to acquire high spatial resolution whole brain images in rats before and after the injection of an intravascular contrast agent. These T1-weighted images were used to estimate regional cerebral blood volume (rCBV) as a percentage of blood volume in each voxel. Ventilation was manipulated to investigate(More)
The objective of this study was to demonstrate hemispheric language dominance in normal children. Fifteen normal children were evaluated with functional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) using an age-related silent word spelling paradigm. The data were analyzed with the cross-correlation method, and lateralization indices were calculated in language regions(More)
MRI revealed activation foci in human somatosensory cortex during protocols involving stimulation of the fingertips with a textured surface. A 2D T2*-weighted gradient echo sequence was used to acquire images. The imaging protocol included acquiring images while subjects performed specific tactile stimulation paradigms (activation scans) or rested. Three(More)
OBJECTIVE We undertook this study to investigate functional MR imaging as a new clinical method for determining hemispheric language dominance. Seven patients undergoing surgical evaluation for chronic intractable epilepsy were studied. Intracarotid amobarbital injection was also performed and the findings compared with the functional MR imaging results. (More)
An insertable head gradient coil with a maximum gradient amplitude of 45 mT/m and a rise time of 150 musec along all three major axes was used to collect high-spatial-resolution, single-shot, spin-echo, echo-planar, diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance images with b values ranging from 0 to 2,200 sec/mm2. Improvements in spatial resolution allowed better(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Recent improvements in MR gradient technology allow significant increases in diffusion weighting without prohibitive signal-to-noise degradation. The purpose of our investigation was to establish normative references for the signal intensity characteristics and apparent diffusion coefficient values of the adult brain at high b values.(More)
Processing of functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) data is a critical step in evaluating experimental results. We address the question of choosing between a Student t-test method, crosscorrelation method, or a weighted z-score method in analyzing functional MR images. We present an analytic analysis that makes it possible to make a statistical(More)