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The growth of bacteria is often enhanced by addition of carbon materials such as graphite or activated charcoal to the growth medium. In this work, bacterial strains that strictly require such carbon materials under the ordinarily lethal stress caused by high concentrations of salt were isolated. The organisms were gram-positive, spore-forming,(More)
Penicillin-binding protein (PBP)-2 and the RodA protein are known to function in determining the rod shape of Escherichia coli cells. Peptidoglycan biosynthetic reactions that required these two proteins were demonstrated in the membrane fraction prepared from an E. coli strain that overproduced both of these two proteins and which lacked PBP-1B activity(More)
The in vitro susceptibilities of eight isolates of Treponema hyodysenteriae from pigs naturally infected with swine dysentery between 1976 and 1983 were determined by an agar dilution technique. Carbadox, olaquindox, tiamulin, metronidazole, furazolidone, and monensin were the most active against these field isolates regardless of the year of recovery. The(More)
Pentachlorophenol (PCP)-sensitive incorporation of (32)P-labeled orthophosphate ((32)P(i)) into nucleotides and nucleic acids by disrupted spheroplasts of Escherichia coli was inhibited by addition of colicin K. Incorporation by intact cells was also inhibited by a similar concentration of colicin K. Various colicin K-resistant mutants were isolated, and(More)
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