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In an attempt to clarify the influence of marine bacteria on the settling of fouling invertebrate larvae, we screened for inhibitors, produced by marine bacteria, of settling by cyprids of the barnacle,Balamus amphitrite. We found that the culture broth ofAlteromonas sp. strain number KK10304, which was associated with the marine sponge,Halichondria okadai,(More)
We examined the effects of 2,5,6-tribromo-1-methylgramine (TBG), isolated from bryozoan, and its derivative, 5,6-dibromo-1,2-dimethylgramine (DBG), on the contraction of rat aorta. TBG and DBG decreased the high-K(+)-induced increase in muscle contraction and cytosolic Ca(2+) level ([Ca(2+)](i)), respectively. The inhibitory effects of TBG and DBG on(More)
The laboratory culture of the barnacle, Balanus amphitrite has made it possible to supply cypris larvae for antifouling assays all year round. The settlement of cyprids obtained from cultured B. amphitrite was indistinguishable from cyprids reared from field-collected barnacles. In laboratory cyprid settlement assays of extracts from marine sessile(More)
5,6-Dibromo-1,2-dimethylgramine evoked Ca(2+) release from skeletal muscle sarcoplasmic reticulum through ryanodine receptors in a concentration-dependent manner with an EC(50) of 22.2 microM. Since the EC(50) of caffeine was 0.885 mM, 5,6-dibromo-1,2-dimethylgramine was 40 times more sensitive than caffeine. Among 14 gramine derivatives having different(More)
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