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We undertook a prospective, randomised study in order to evaluate the efficacy of clamping the drains after intra-articular injection of saline with 1:500 000 adrenaline compared with post-operative blood salvage in reducing blood loss in 212 total knee arthroplasties. The mean post-operative drained blood volume after drain clamping was 352.1 ml compared(More)
The milk of a beagle dog (Canis familiaris) was extracted and fractionated to yield, inter alia, beta-D-Galp3S-(1-->4)-D-Glc (lactose 3'-sulfate), which does not appear to have previously been isolated from milk or other natural sources. The structure was established by 2D NMR spectroscopy and mass spectrometry. By contrast with the milk of some closely(More)
By reverse transcription-PCR, measles virus (MV) mRNA was detected in the brain, kidney, spleen, liver, and lung tissues obtained from 23 (45.1%) of 51 autopsy subjects, with the detection rates of each tissue ranging from 8 to 20%. Sequence analysis revealed frequent mutations in the corresponding viral protein. These results suggest that MV mutants(More)
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