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The neuropeptide orphanin FQ (also known as nociceptin; OFQ/N) has been implicated in modulating stress-related behavior. OFQ/N was demonstrated to reverse stress-induced analgesia and possess anxiolytic-like activity after central administration. To further study physiological functions of OFQ/N, we have generated OFQ/N-deficient mice by targeted(More)
Previous studies have shown unequivocally a lack of pituitary-adrenocortical stress hormone activation during lactate-induced panic attacks despite considerable psychopathological alterations, signs of arousal and several vegetative symptoms regularly occurring during stressful conditions. To study the possible inhibitory action of atrial natriuretic(More)
Previously we have shown that atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) has anxiolytic-like properties after intraperitoneal, intracerebroventricular and intraamygdala infusion in rats. Since C-type natriuretic peptide (CNP) exerts endocrine and behavioral effects opposing those of ANP, we characterized the behavioral properties of CNP after icv infusion in rats by(More)
BACKGROUND Leptin has been shown to regulate food intake and energy expenditure. Very recently, associations of elevated leptin plasma levels during alcohol withdrawal with alcohol craving have been observed in humans. Therefore, we tested the hypothesis that the application of exogenous leptin modulates voluntary alcohol consumption in mice. METHODS(More)
Administration of steroid hormones was demonstrated to modulate the sleep electroencephalogram (EEG) and sleep-associated hormonal secretion in specific ways. The present study was conducted to compare the effects of mifepristone (Mif), a mixed glucocorticoid (GR) and progesterone receptor (PR) antagonist, and megestrol acetate (Meg), a PR agonist. Nine(More)
Synthetic and naturally occurring steroids exert a variety of neural effects that include modulation of nocturnal sleep. The present study focuses on the effect of progesterone receptor (PR) activation on the nocturnal sleep electroencephalogram (EEG) in male volunteers. As a PR ligand, the synthetic progesterone megestrol was used, which has the advantage(More)
C-type natriuretic peptide and atrial natriuretic peptide have been reported to bind to distinct receptors and to exert opposing effects on different systems. Although it is known that atrial natriuretic peptide inhibits the corticotropin-releasing hormone-stimulated hormone release in man, the corresponding action of C-type natriuretic peptide has so far(More)
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