K. Kirk Shung

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The acoustic properties of passive materials for ultrasonic transducers have been measured at room temperature in the frequency range from 25 to 65 MHz using ultrasonic spectroscopy. These materials include alumina/EPO-TEK 301 composites and tungsten/EPO-TEK 301 composites. Experimental results showed that the acoustic impedance of the composites(More)
We have developed a non-invasive photoacoustic ophthalmoscopy (PAOM) for in vivo retinal imaging. PAOM detects the photoacoustic signal induced by pulsed laser light shined onto the retina. By using a stationary ultrasonic transducer in contact with the eyelids and scanning only the laser light across the retina, PAOM provides volumetric imaging of the(More)
Previous studies of ultrasonic scattering properties of blood using a pulse-echo experimental arrangement show that ultrasonic backscatter from blood is influenced by a number of factors including hematocrit, shear rate, and the nature of flow (J. Acoust. Soc. Amer., vol. 75, p. 1265, 1984 and J. Acoust. Soc. Amer., vol. 84, p. 1, 1988). Since the Doppler(More)
This paper discusses the design, fabrication, and testing of sensitive broadband lithium niobate (LiNbO3) single-element ultrasonic transducers in the 20-80 MHz frequency range. Transducers of varying dimensions were built for an f# range of 2.0-3.1. The desired focal depths were achieved by either casting an acoustic lens on the transducer face or(More)
Ultrasound imaging at frequencies above 20 MHz is capable of achieving improved resolution in clinical applications requiring limited penetration depth. High frequency arrays that allow real-time imaging are desired for these applications but are not yet currently available. In this work, a method for fabricating fine-scale 2-2 composites suitable for(More)
Imaging of cell nuclei plays a critical role in cancer diagnosis and prognosis. To image noninvasively cell nuclei in vivo without staining, we developed UV photoacoustic microscopy (UV-PAM), in which 266 nm wavelength UV light excites unlabeled DNA and RNA in cell nuclei to produce photoacoustic waves. We applied UV-PAM to ex vivo imaging of cell nuclei in(More)
Submicron-resolution photoacoustic microscopy (PAM) currently exists only in transmission mode, due to the technical difficulties of combining high numerical-aperture (NA) optical illumination with high NA acoustic detection. The lateral resolution of reflection-mode PAM has not reached <2 μm in the visible light range. Here we develop the first(More)
The zebrafish has emerged as an excellent genetic model organism for studies of cardiovascular development. Optical transparency and external development during embryogenesis allow for visual analysis in the early development. However, to understand the cardiovascular structures and functions beyond the early stage requires a high-resolution, real-time,(More)
Broadband ultrasound imaging is capable of achieving superior resolution in clinical applications. An effective and easy way of manufacturing broadband transducers is desired for these applications. In this work, a graded material in which the piezoelectric plate is mechanically graded with rectangular grooves is introduced. Finite element analysis (FEA)(More)