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Only a few RFamide peptides have been identified in mammals, although they have been abundantly found in invertebrates. Here we report the identification of a human gene that encodes at least three RFamide-related peptides, hRFRP-1-3. Cells transfected with a seven-transmembrane-domain receptor, OT7T022, specifically respond to synthetic hRFRP-1 and hRFRP-3(More)
The biological functions of nitric oxide in the neuronal system remain controversial. Using a novel fluorescence indicator, DAF-2 DA, for direct detection of NO, we examined both acute rat brain slices and organotypic culture of brain slices to ascertain NO production sites. The fluorescence intensity in the CA1 region of the hippocampus was augmented,(More)
From any kind of living organisms, very weak spontaneous light emission without excitation light (ultraweak biochemiluminescence) is observed. We succeeded to detect ultraweak biochemiluminescence from rat hippocampal slice preparation at the order of 10(-19) W/mm2 by a single-photon detector using a silicon avalanche photodiode. It was shown that(More)
An accurate determination of the arterial input function (AIF) is necessary for quantification of cerebral blood flow (CBF) using dynamic susceptibility contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging. In this study, we developed a method for obtaining the AIF automatically using fuzzy c-means (FCM) clustering. The validity of this approach was investigated(More)
Glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP), the intermediate filament component of astroglial cells, can serve as an excellent substrate for both cAMP-dependent protein kinase and protein kinase C, in vitro. GFAP phosphorylated by each protein kinase does not polymerize, and the filaments that do polymerize tend to depolymerize after phosphorylation.(More)
The present investigation was conducted to document a role of L-threo-3,4-dihydroxyphenylserine (L-DOPS), precursor of L-norepinephrine (NE), in the functional recovery from beam-walking performance deficits in rats after unilateral sensorimotor cortex ablation. L-DOPS was administered simultaneously with benserazide (BSZ; a peripheral aromatic amino acid(More)
Our novel fluorescent indicator, DAF-FM, permits the bioimaging of nitric oxide (NO) in living cells with high resolution in space and time, with stable intensity above pH 5.8. A membrane-permeable derivative, DAF-FM DA, was applied to imaging of NO generated in rat hippocampal slices by exposure to an aglycemic medium. NO production was observed mainly in(More)
Apoptosis-related genes have received increasing attention in carcinogenesis, drug sensitivity, radiation sensitivity, and patient survival. bcl-2 and mutated p53 genes have been reported to inhibit apoptosis. To determine bcl-2 and p53 protein expression and their impacts on survival time in lung cancers, we studied 99 surgically resected,(More)
To evaluate roles of nitric oxide (NO) in neural functions, it is critical to know how neural inputs activate neuronal NO synthase in individual sites. Although NMDA receptor-dependent mechanism well explains postsynaptic, robust NO production, this sole mechanism does not explain some aspects of NO production in the brain, such as the low-level production(More)
Two cases of dural arteriovenous malformation (AVM) involving the base of the anterior cranial fossa are reported. The nidi in both cases were located in the region of the left cribriform plate and mainly supplied by the anterior ethmoidal arteries of both sides, draining through pial veins into either the cavernous sinus or the superior sagittal sinus. In(More)