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Nitric oxide is a gaseous, free radical which plays a role as an intracellular second messenger and a diffusable intercellular messenger. To obtain direct evidence for NO functions in vivo, we have designed and synthesized diaminofluoresceins (DAFs) as novel fluorescent indicators for NO. The fluorescent chemical transformation of DAFs is based on the(More)
Only a few RFamide peptides have been identified in mammals, although they have been abundantly found in invertebrates. Here we report the identification of a human gene that encodes at least three RFamide-related peptides, hRFRP-1-3. Cells transfected with a seven-transmembrane-domain receptor, OT7T022, specifically respond to synthetic hRFRP-1 and hRFRP-3(More)
The measurement of nitric oxide (NO) is important for direct examination of the regulatory roles of NO in various biological systems. Diaminofluoresceins (DAFs), new fluorescence indicators for NO, were applied to detect the release of NO from bovine aortic endothelial cells (ECs). DAFs react with NO to yield the corresponding green-fluorescent(More)
Cell adhesion to extracellular matrix proteins is a dynamic process leading to dramatic changes in the cell phenotype. Integrins are one of the major receptor families that mediate cell-matrix contact. Evidence that integrins can act as signal transducing molecules has accumulated over the past few years. We report here that p44erk-1 and p42erk-2(More)
Here we isolated tautomycetin, TC, and examined its phosphatase inhibitory activity. Recently we have reported that the left-hand moiety of tautomycin, TM, and the right one containing the spiroketal are essentially required for inhibition of protein phosphatase, PP, and induction of apoptosis, respectively. TC is structurally almost identical to TM except(More)
Endogenous nitric oxide (NO) appears to modulate many physiological and pathophysiological processes. In order to obtain direct evidence for NO functions in vivo, we have developed 4,5-diaminofluorescein (DAF-2) as a novel fluorescent indicator for NO. Green-fluorescent triazolofluorescein formed by the reaction of NO and DAF-2 affords high sensitivity for(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether serum interleukin 4 (IL-4), IL-10, and IL-13 levels in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc) are elevated and whether they correlate with the clinical or serologic features of this disease. METHODS Serum samples from patients with limited cutaneous SSc (ISSc) (n = 45), diffuse cutaneous SSc (dSSc) (n = 28), and control(More)
Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) has become the gold standard of molecular methods in epidemiological investigations. In spite of its high resolving power, use of the method has been hampered by inadequate laboratory-to-laboratory reproducibility. In the project described here we have addressed this problem by organizing a multilaboratory effort in(More)
An accurate determination of the arterial input function (AIF) is necessary for quantification of cerebral blood flow (CBF) using dynamic susceptibility contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging. In this study, we developed a method for obtaining the AIF automatically using fuzzy c-means (FCM) clustering. The validity of this approach was investigated(More)
Deterioration in the quality of mammalian oocytes during the metaphase-II arrest period is well known as "oocyte aging." Oocytes in which aging has occurred are called aged oocytes, and these oocytes show enhanced activation and higher fragmentation rates after parthenogenetic activation. Previously we showed that porcine aged oocytes had low(More)