Learn More
We found that Arabidopsis AtTDX, a heat-stable and plant-specific thioredoxin (Trx)-like protein, exhibits multiple functions, acting as a disulfide reductase, foldase chaperone, and holdase chaperone. The activity of AtTDX, which contains 3 tetratricopeptide repeat (TPR) domains and a Trx motif, depends on its oligomeric status. The disulfide reductase and(More)
Deoxyhypusine hydroxylase (DOHH) is a novel metalloenzyme that catalyzes the final step of the post-translational synthesis of hypusine (Nepsilon-(4-amino-2-hydroxybutyl)lysine) in the eukaryotic translation initiation factor 5A (eIF5A). Hypusine synthesis is unique in that it occurs in only one protein, denoting the strict specificity of the modification(More)
Deoxyhypusine hydroxylase (DOHH) catalyzes the final step in the post-translational synthesis of hypusine (N(epsilon)-(4-amino-2-hydroxybutyl)lysine) in eIF5A. DOHH is a HEAT-repeat protein with eight tandem helical hairpins in a symmetrical dyad. It contains two potential iron coordination sites (one on each dyad) composed of two strictly conserved His-Glu(More)
Deoxyhypusine synthase catalyzes the formation of deoxyhypusine, the first step in hypusine biosynthesis. Amino acid sequences of five tryptic peptides from rat deoxyhypusine synthase were found to match partially the deduced amino acid sequence of the open reading frame of gene YHR068w of Saccharomyces cerevisiae chromosome VIII (AC:U00061). In order to(More)
Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is one of the most malignant tumors in urology, and due to its insidious onset patients frequently have advanced disease at the time of clinical presentation. Thus, early detection is crucial in management of RCC. To identify tumor specific proteins of RCC, we employed proteomic analysis. We prepared proteins from conventional RCC(More)
Deoxyhypusine synthase catalyzes the first step in the posttranslational synthesis of an unusual amino acid, hypusine (N epsilon-(4-amino-2-hydroxybutyl)lysine), in the eukaryotic translation initiation factor 5A (eIF-5A) precursor protein. The null mutation in the single copy gene, yDHS, encoding deoxyhypusine synthase results in the loss of viability in(More)
A process for l-phenylalanine production was studied using a tyrosine auxotrophic regulatory mutant of Escherichia coli, resistant to both β-2-thienyl-dl-alanine and p-fluoro-dl-phenylalanine. Fermentations were carried out in a 30-1 fermentor with intermittent feeding of glucose plus phosphate. The mutant accumulated l-phenylalanine in the fermentation(More)
An understanding of the optical properties of biological media and cells is essential to the development of noninvasive optical studies of tissues. Unicellular organisms offer a unique opportunity to investigate the factors affecting light propagation, since they can be manipulated in ways impossible for more complex biological samples. In this study, we(More)
Deoxyhypusine is a modified lysine and formed posttranslationally to be the eukaryotic initiation factor eIF5A by deoxyhypusine synthase, employing spermidine as butylamine donor. Subsequent hydroxylation of this deoxyhypusine-containing intermediate completes the maturation of eIF5A. The previous report showed that deoxyhypusine synthase was phosphorylated(More)