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We report a simple and effective method for fabricating and patterning high-quality ZnO nanowire arrays using carbonized photoresists to control the nucleation site, density, and growth direction of the nanowires. The ZnO nanowires fabricated using this method show excellent alignment, crystal quality, and optical properties that are independent of the(More)
We report the synthesis of vertically aligned ZnO/a-Si core-shell nanowire arrays (ZnO nanowires coated with amorphous silicon) through chemical vapor deposition. The core-shell heterostructured nanowires possessed uniform morphology and the thickness of the amorphous silicon shells could be controlled easily by tuning the deposition duration and(More)
We report a direct precipitation method for mass production of ZnO microflowers (MFs) containing hierarchical structures. The ZnO MFs are constructed by interlaced single crystalline and porous nanosheets which are ideal photoanode material for dye-sensitized solar cells (DSCs) because the MFs can largely improve the energy harvesting performance and the(More)
We studied resistivity, magnetoresistivity, and Hall resistivity for a few percolating granular NiFe-SiO2 films upon thermal annealing. It was found that both the resistivity and the Hall resistivity decrease by two orders of magnitude upon annealing at 520 °C, accompanied by a crossover from an approximately 2lnT dependence of resistivity to a metallic(More)
We have studied the temperature-dependent carrier transfer processes in InGaN/GaN multi-quantum-well light-emitting devices using various optical techniques such as photoluminescence, electroluminescence, and photoluminescence excitation spectra. The role of the defects in the GaN barrier neighboring to the InGaN region was demonstrated clearly in capturing(More)
We report the structure characterization and electronic property modification of single layer graphene (SLG) field-effect transistor (FET) devices top-gated using ultrathin Y(2)O(3) as dielectric layers. Based on the Boltzmann transport theory within variant screening, Coulomb scattering is confirmed quantitatively to be dominant in Y(2)O(3)-covered SLG and(More)
Si nanowires coated with Ni showed interesting structural transformation behaviors as observed by in situ transmission electron microscopy. Owing to the presence of the native oxide on Si nanowire surfaces, the Ni thin shells initially segregated into nanosized droplets on the oxide surfaces. The native oxide shells protected the Si cores from reacting with(More)