K. K. Chang

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Rat fetuses (E18) can learn a taste aversion in utero if experience with a sweet flavor (saccharin = Sac) is followed by a malaise-producing injection of lithium chloride (LiCl). Here we report that this phenomenon can be significantly modulated by the type of anesthesia administered to the pregnant dam before the conditioning procedure. Dams were(More)
BACKGROUND Pentobarbital decreases the gain of the baroreceptor reflex on the order of 50%, and this blunting is caused nearly entirely by decreasing cardioinhibitory parasympathetic activity. The most likely site of action of pentobarbital is the gamma-aminobutyric acid type A (GABA(A)) receptor. The authors tested whether pentobarbital augments the(More)
BACKGROUND Ketamine increases blood pressure and heart rate by unknown mechanisms, but studies suggest that an intact central nervous system and arterial baroreceptors are required. In the brain stem, medial nucleus tractus solitarius receives afferents from nodose neurons that initiate cardiovascular autonomic reflexes. Here, the authors assessed ketamine(More)
BACKGROUND Ketamine increases both blood pressure and heart rate, effects commonly thought of as sympathoexcitatory. The authors investigated the possibility that ketamine increases heart rate by inhibiting the central cardiac parasympathetic mechanisms. METHODS We used a novel in vitro approach to study the effect of ketamine on the identified cardiac(More)
A 1-cm-diameter hole was punched through rabbits' ears. The surface potentials during wound healing of regenerating (normal) and partially and nonregenerating (decartilaged) ears were measured. The time sequence of these surface potentials were similar to those reported to occur in regenerating amphibians forelimbs. A small positive potential was observed(More)
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