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The electromechanical coupling in the smooth muscles of cat stomach was studied in Ca2+-free solutions containing EGTA. The experiments were carried out on circular muscle strips from the corpus of cat stomach using the single sucrose gap technique. Complete disappearance of the spontaneous electrical and contractile activity of the muscle strips was(More)
In contraction studies corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) was found to relax ileal but not gastric and jejunal smooth muscles of the guinea-pig, precontracted with BaCl2. Under whole-cell patch-clamp conditions, CRH concentration-dependently activated Ca2+-sensitive K+ currents (IK) with ED50=20 pM at 100 nM and ED50=0. 13 pM at 500 nM intracellular Ca2+(More)
The effects of cyclopiazonic acid and its combination with ryanodine on the inward Ca2+ current (ICa) were investigated in smooth muscle cells isolated from the circular layer of guinea-pig ileum. The ICa of these cells exhibited two components: a low-threshold, nicardipine (5 microM)-resistant, fast-inactivating component and a high-threshold,(More)
In this paper data are presented concerning some morphometrical characteristics and passive electrical properties of cell membranes from the circular layer of guinea-pig ileum (CC). The main purpose of the study has been to analyze the inward calcium current in these cells. Using the whole-cell voltage-clamp method the presence of T-like type of calcium(More)
The relationship between inositol-1,4,5-trisphosphate-sensitive Ca2+ stores and Ca2+ entry through potential-dependent L-type Ca2+ channels was examined using whole-cell voltage-clamp technique in cells of longitudinal muscle layer of guinea-pig ileum. It was found that heparin (10(-10) mol/l) in the pipette rapidly inhibited the current through L-type Ca2+(More)
In some smooth muscle cells, the rise in intracellular Ca2+ as a result of a Ca2+ influx via plasma membrane Ca2+ channels can activate a further increase in intracellular Ca2+ as a result of Ca2+ release from intracellular stores. This study examined the role of the Ca2+-induced Ca2+ release from the ryanodine-sensitive intracellular Ca2+ stores in shaping(More)
In the majority of experiments the ruminal preparations did not exhibit spontaneous electrical and contractile activity but showed a Ca-dependent spike-free myogenic tone. Ba2+ or Sr2+ evoked spike activity and phasic contractions and increased the muscle tonic tension. Tetraethylammonium (TEA) exerted no effect on the ruminal preparations but potentiated(More)
1. BAY K 8644 at concentrations of 10(-10)-10(-6) M had a stimulant effect on the spontaneous electrical and contractile activity of smooth muscle preparations from cat and guinea pig stomach. 2. Nifedipine (10(-6) M) antagonized the BAY K 8644-induced spike potentials and the related phasic contractions. 3. Neither the excitatory nor the inhibitory effect(More)
Effects of 4-aminopyridine (4-AP) on the electrical and contractile activities of the fundus and antrum of the cat stomach were studied using the sucrose-gap technique. In the fundus, low concentrations of 4-AP (up to 1 mmol/l) induced membrane depolarization and appearance of spike potentials and phasic contractions. After preliminary administration of(More)