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Plants and some types of bacteria demonstrate an elegant means to capitalize on the superabundance of solar energy that reaches our planet with their energy conversion process called photosynthesis. Seeking to harness Nature's optimization of this process, we have devised a biomimetic photonic energy conversion system that makes use of the photoactive(More)
We report the fabrication of a hybrid light-harvesting electrode consisting of photosystem I (PSI) proteins extracted from spinach and adsorbed as a monolayer onto electrically contacted, large-area graphene. The transparency of graphene supports the choice of an opaque mediator at elevated concentrations. For example, we report a photocurrent of 550(More)
Photosynthesis is the process by which Nature coordinates a tandem of protein complexes of impressive complexity that function to harness staggering amounts of solar energy on a global scale. Advances in biochemistry and nanotechnology have provided tools to isolate and manipulate the individual components of this process, thus opening a door to a new class(More)
We report the use of atomically thin layers of graphene as a protective coating that inhibits corrosion of underlying metals. Here, we employ electrochemical methods to study the corrosion inhibition of copper and nickel by either growing graphene on these metals, or by mechanically transferring multilayer graphene onto them. Cyclic voltammetry measurements(More)
Photosystem I (PSI) has drawn widespread interest for use in biomimetically inspired energy conversion devices upon extracting it from plants or cyanobacteria and assembling it at surfaces. Here, we demonstrate that a critically dense monolayer of spinach-derived PSI must be formed on an electrode surface to achieve optimal photocurrents, and we introduce a(More)
Direct electrochemistry studies on Photosystem I (PSI) were performed using cyclic voltammetry and square wave voltammetry. PSI centers stabilized in aqueous solution by Triton X-100 surfactant were adsorbed on hydroxyl-terminated hexanethiol modified gold electrodes. We have identified the electron donor, P700, and the electron acceptor sites, F A /F B ,(More)
For two years, beginning in 1995, we developed and implemented a novel method for delivering patient information directly to clinicians. Using rules based logic to scan data bound for an electronic medical record, messages were automatically written that alert care providers to important patient information. These messages were transmitted electronically to(More)
We report the first directed adsorption of Photosystem I (PSI) on patterned surfaces containing discrete regions of methyl- and hydroxyl-terminated self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) on gold. SAM and PSI patterns are characterized by scanning electrochemical microscopy (SECM). The insulating protein complex layer blocks the electron transfer of the SECM(More)
We demonstrate large area two-dimensional arrays of patterned nanoporous gold for use as easy-to-fabricate, cost-effective, and stable surface enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) templates. Using a simple one-step direct imprinting process, subwavelength nanoporous gold (NPG) gratings are defined by densifying appropriate regions of a NPG film. Both the(More)