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The specificity and affinity characteristics of antibodies make them excellent probes in biosensor applications. Unfortunately, their large size, unstable behavior, and random immobilization properties create numerous problems. The single-domain antigen-binding fragment derived from heavy-chain antibodies of camelids (termed VHH) offers special advantages(More)
In this report, we demonstrate a label-free genosensor based on DNA hairpins coupled to gold coated sensor surfaces. The hairpin probes were labeled with a thiolated moiety for immobilization at the 5' end and with a fluorophore for signal transduction at the 3' end. In the absence of the complement, the fluorophore is quenched by energy transfer to the(More)
In this article, we report on the use of miniaturized and automated enzymatic assays as an alternative technology for fast sugar and acid quantification in apples and tomatoes. Enzymatic assays for d-glucose, d-fructose, sucrose, D-sorbitol/xylitol, L-malic acid, citric acid, succinic acid, and L-glutamic acid were miniaturized from the standard 3 mL assays(More)
Branched gold nanoparticles are potential photothermal therapy agents because of their large absorption cross section in the near-infrared window. Upon laser irradiation they produce enough heat to destroy tumor cells. In this work, branched gold nanoparticles are biofunctionalized with nanobodies, the smallest fully functional antigen-binding fragments(More)
In this paper we present a fiber optic surface plasmon resonance (SPR) sensor as a reusable, cost-effective and label free biosensor for measuring DNA hybridization and DNA-protein interactions. This is the first paper that combines the concept of a fiber-based SPR system with DNA aptamer bioreceptors. The fibers were sputtered with a 50nm gold layer which(More)
The secret of a successful affinity biosensor partially hides in the chemical interface layer between the transducer system and the biological receptor molecules. Over the past decade, several methodologies for the construction of such interface layers have been developed on the basis of the deposition of self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) of alkanethiols on(More)
Combining the intriguing optical properties of gold nanoparticles with the inherent physical and dynamic properties of polymers can give rise to interesting hybrid nanomaterials. In this study, we report the synthesis of poly(acrylic acid) (PAA)-capped gold nanoparticles. The polyelectrolyte-wrapped gold nanoparticles were fully characterized and studied(More)
In this study a double-bead sandwich assay, employing magnetic nanoparticles and gold nanoparticles is proposed. The magnetic nanoparticles allow specific capturing of the analyte in biological samples, while the optical properties of the gold nanoparticles provide the signal transduction. We demonstrated that a major improvement in the assay sensitivity(More)
Gold nanoparticles are ideal candidates for clinical applications if their plasmon absorption band is situated in the near infrared region (NIR) of the electromagnetic spectrum. Various parameters, including the nanoparticle shape, strongly influence the position of this absorption band. The aim of this study is to produce stabilized NIR absorbing branched(More)
The effective biofunctionalization of nanoparticles is crucial for biomedical applications. In this study we investigated the covalent biofunctionalization of magnetic nanoparticles based on carbodiimide activation. An important aspect in the covalent biofunctionalization of nanoparticles has been neglected, namely pre-concentration. Exploiting the(More)