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In this article, we report on the use of miniaturized and automated enzymatic assays as an alternative technology for fast sugar and acid quantification in apples and tomatoes. Enzymatic assays for d-glucose, d-fructose, sucrose, D-sorbitol/xylitol, L-malic acid, citric acid, succinic acid, and L-glutamic acid were miniaturized from the standard 3 mL assays(More)
The specificity and affinity characteristics of antibodies make them excellent probes in biosensor applications. Unfortunately, their large size, unstable behavior, and random immobilization properties create numerous problems. The single-domain antigen-binding fragment derived from heavy-chain antibodies of camelids (termed VHH) offers special advantages(More)
Branched gold nanoparticles are potential photothermal therapy agents because of their large absorption cross section in the near-infrared window. Upon laser irradiation they produce enough heat to destroy tumor cells. In this work, branched gold nanoparticles are biofunctionalized with nanobodies, the smallest fully functional antigen-binding fragments(More)
In this paper we present a fiber optic surface plasmon resonance (SPR) sensor as a reusable, cost-effective and label free biosensor for measuring DNA hybridization and DNA-protein interactions. This is the first paper that combines the concept of a fiber-based SPR system with DNA aptamer bioreceptors. The fibers were sputtered with a 50nm gold layer which(More)
The use of gold nanoparticles (GNPs) in bioassays is often hampered by their colloidal stability. In this study, gold nanoparticles coated with different mercapto alkanes were investigated towards their stability. Hereto, the effects of the alkane chain length (5-11 methylene groups), the type of functional end-group (-OH or -COOH) and the amount of(More)
Combining the intriguing optical properties of gold nanoparticles with the inherent physical and dynamic properties of polymers can give rise to interesting hybrid nanomaterials. In this study, we report the synthesis of poly(acrylic acid) (PAA)-capped gold nanoparticles. The polyelectrolyte-wrapped gold nanoparticles were fully characterized and studied(More)
The secret of a successful affinity biosensor partially hides in the chemical interface layer between the transducer system and the biological receptor molecules. Over the past decade, several methodologies for the construction of such interface layers have been developed on the basis of the deposition of self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) of alkanethiols on(More)
In this study a double-bead sandwich assay, employing magnetic nanoparticles and gold nanoparticles is proposed. The magnetic nanoparticles allow specific capturing of the analyte in biological samples, while the optical properties of the gold nanoparticles provide the signal transduction. We demonstrated that a major improvement in the assay sensitivity(More)
In this report, we demonstrate a label-free genosensor based on DNA hairpins coupled to gold coated sensor surfaces. The hairpin probes were labeled with a thiolated moiety for immobilization at the 5' end and with a fluorophore for signal transduction at the 3' end. In the absence of the complement, the fluorophore is quenched by energy transfer to the(More)
Extracellular, high signal-to-noise ratio recordings from electrogenic cells require a tight coupling between the cellular membrane and the recording electrode. Self assembled monolayers (SAMs) of alkanethiols functionalized with peptides were used in combination with micro- and nano-structured features on the sensor surface. This combination of surface(More)