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1. Daily administration of 1 nmol substance P or 3 pmol recombinant human interleukin-1 alpha (IL-1 alpha) caused intense neovascularization in a rat sponge model of angiogenesis. Lower doses of substance P (10 pmol) or IL-1 alpha (0.3 pmol) were ineffective when given alone. When combined at these low doses, substances P and IL-1 alpha interacted to(More)
1. Tachykinin-stimulated inositol phospholipid hydrolysis was examined in slices of longitudinal muscle from guinea-pig ileum. 2. Substance P, neurokinin A and neurokinin B induced a concentration-dependent accumulation of total [3H]-inositol phosphates in the presence of 12 mM lithium with similar maximal responses and EC50 values. 3. The selective(More)
Tachykinin-stimulated inositol phospholipid hydrolysis was examined in slices of hamster urinary bladder. In the presence of lithium, to inhibit inositol monophosphatase activity, substance P, eledoisin and related tachykinins induced large, dose-dependent increases in [3H]-inositol monophosphate accumulation. The responses to substance P and eledoisin were(More)
1. An inositol monophosphatase was purified to homogeneity from bovine brain. 2. The enzyme is a dimer of subunit Mr 29,000. 3. The enzyme hydrolyses both enantiomers of myo-inositol 1-phosphate and both enantiomers of myo-inositol 4-phosphate, but has no activity towards inositol bisphosphates, inositol trisphosphates or inositol 1,3,4,5-tetrakisphosphate.(More)
Human tachykinin NK3 receptors expressed in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO-K1) cells were characterised using the novel radioligand [125I]iodohistidyl,[MePhe7]neurokinin B ([125I][MePhe7]neurokinin B). [125I][MePhe7]neurokinin B was shown to label human NK3 binding sites with high affinity in a saturable and reversible manner. The rank order of affinity of a(More)
1. We investigated the effects of the non-peptide NK1 receptor antagonist, CP-96,345, its inactive enantiomer CP-96,344, and the racemic mixture (+/-)-CP-96,345, on the binding of [3H]-nimodipine and [3H]-diltiazem to L-type calcium channels in rat cerebral cortex membranes. In isolated peripheral tissues containing tachykinin receptors, the effects of(More)
Vasoactive intestinal peptide stimulated the synthesis of adenosine 3',5'-monophosphate in fractions of isolated carp horizontal cells. When applied extracellularly to isolated and cultured horizontal cells, the peptide also induced a slow depolarization (30 to 40 millivolts) accompanied by a decrease in membrane resistance. However, analogs of adenosine(More)
The effects of vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) and several other peptides have been examined on cyclic AMP accumulation in intact pieces and isolated horizontal cells of the teleost (carp) retina. VIP was the most effective peptide examined, inducing a dose-related response, and an approximately fivefold increase in cyclic AMP production when used at a(More)
A specific dopamine-sensitive adenylate cyclase has been identified in homogenates of the teleost (carp) retina. Maximal stimulation by 100 microM-dopamine resulted in a 5--10-fold increase in adenylate cyclase activity with half-maximal stimulation occurring at a concentration of 1 microM. l-Noradrenaline and l-adrenaline were some 10 times less potent(More)