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BACKGROUND Folylpoly-gamma-glutamate synthetase (FPGS) converts intracellular folates and antifolates (for example, methotrexate (MTX)) to polyglutamates. Polyglutamylated folates and antifolates are retained in cells longer and are better substrates than their monoglutamate counterparts for enzymes involved in one carbon transfer. Polyglutamylation of(More)
BACKGROUND γ-Glutamyl hydrolase (GGH) regulates intracellular folate and antifolates for optimal nucleotide biosynthesis and antifolate-induced cytotoxicity, respectively. The modulation of GGH may therefore affect chemosensitivity of cancer cells, and exogenous folate levels may further modify this effect. METHODS We generated a novel model of GGH(More)
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