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OBJECT Ideal epilepsy surgery would eliminate seizures without causing any functional deficits. The aim of the present study was to assess seizure outcomes and complications after epilepsy surgery in children with intractable epilepsy. METHODS Data obtained in 134 children (75 boys and 59 girls) age 17 years or younger who underwent epilepsy surgery at(More)
OBJECT Patients with moyamoya disease complain of headache before surgery, after surgery, or in both periods. To clarify the pathophysiological features of these headaches which are one of the major symptoms in moyamoya disease after indirect bypass surgery, the authors reviewed data obtained in patients with moyamoya disease who underwent such surgery at(More)
We investigated the diagnostic performance of 18F-FDG PET and ictal (99m)Tc-HMPAO SPET in pediatric temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). Twenty-one pediatric TLE patients were enrolled in this study. Their diagnoses were confirmed by histology and post-surgical outcome (Engel class I or II). The patients' ages were 18 or younger (15+/-3 years). Of the 21 patients,(More)
Rett syndrome is a progressive neurodevelopmental disorder occurring predominantly in females. Recently, mutations in the MECP2 gene on Xq28, which encodes methyl-CpG binding protein 2, were identified as responsible for some cases of Rett syndrome. In the present study, we analyzed the entire coding sequence of the MECP2 gene in 20 sporadic cases of Rett(More)
We studied characteristics of epilepsy patients who use 'Epilia', a healthcare website for epilepsy patients, and the impact of 'Epilia' on patient satisfaction and attitude about epilepsy. A total of 153 epilepsy patients from 'Epilia' (online group) and 367 patients from epilepsy clinics (offline group) were recruited. A survey was done to investigate(More)
OBJECT The long-term surgical outcome of pediatric patients with epilepsy accompanied by focal cortical dysplasia (FCD) is not clear. The authors report on the long-term surgical outcomes of children with FCD, based on longitudinal analyses. METHODS The authors retrospectively analyzed the records of 41 children who underwent epilepsy surgery for(More)
The cerebellum is known to have an inhibitory effect on seizures. Nevertheless, cerebellar dysplastic lesions can be epileptogenic. A 4-month-old infant had paroxysmal facial contractions; tachypnea and nystagmoid eyeball and tremulous movements were occasionally combined. These evolved to stereotypic clinical patterns and frequencies, which increased(More)
To date, approximately 200 different mutations in the MECP2 gene have been identified. We analyzed the entire coding sequence of the MECP2 gene and the X-chromosome inactivation pattern in 42 sporadic cases of Rett syndrome. Of the 42 patients, 30 had pathogenic mutations, including 14 different mutations: 9 missense mutations, 4 nonsense mutations, and 1(More)
PURPOSE We performed this study to evaluate the long-term efficacy and tolerability of ethosuximide (ESX), valproic acid (VPA), and lamotrigine (LTG) as initial monotherapies for patients with newly diagnosed childhood absence epilepsy. METHODS We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 128 patients (45 boys and 83 girls) diagnosed with childhood(More)
An increasing number of reports on mitochondrial DNA coding regions' mutations, especially in mitochondrial DNA- encoded NADH dehydrogenase (ND) subunit genes of the respiratory chain complex I, have been published recently, making it possible to improve the molecular diagnosis of many mitochondrial diseases in children with variable clinical features. This(More)